Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation
|3 Months Ended|
Oct. 31, 2018
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation||
Note 1—Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation
The Company is a biotechnology company focused on designing, developing and commercializing innovative therapies and proprietary medical approaches to stimulate and guide an anti-tumor immune response for the treatment of cancer. Its core platform technology, ImmunoPulse®, is a drug-device therapeutic modality comprised of a proprietary intratumoral electroporation delivery device. The ImmunoPulse® platform is designed to deliver plasmid DNA-encoded drugs directly into a solid tumor and promote an immunological response against cancer. The ImmunoPulse® device can be adapted to treat different tumor types, and consists of an electrical pulse generator, a reusable handle and disposable applicators. The Company’s lead product candidate is a DNA-encoded interleukin-12 (“IL-12”), called tavokinogene telseplasmid (“TAVO”). The ImmunoPulse® electroporation platform is used to deliver TAVO intratumorally, with the aim of reversing the immunosuppressive microenvironment in the treated tumor. The activation of the appropriate inflammatory response can drive a systemic anti-tumor response against untreated tumors in other parts of the body. In February 2017, the Company received Fast Track designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for TAVO in metastatic melanoma, which could qualify TAVO for expedited FDA review, a rolling Biologics License Application review and certain other benefits.
The Company’s current focus is to pursue its study of TAVO in combination with KEYTRUDA® (pembrolizumab) in both Melanoma and triple negative breast cancer (“TNBC”).
KEYNOTE-695 targets melanoma patients who are definitive anti-PD-1 non-responders. In May 2017, the Company entered into a clinical trial collaboration and supply agreement with a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc. (“Merck”) in connection with the KEYNOTE-695 study. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, both companies will bear their own costs related to manufacturing and supply of their product, as well as be responsible for their own internal costs. The Company will sponsor the study and be responsible for external costs. The KEYNOTE-695 study is currently enrolling and treating patients and the Company provided a topline preliminary data update at The Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (“SITC”) in November of 2018. This study is a registrational-directed, Phase 2b open-label, single-arm, multicenter study in the United States, Canada and Australia.
On May 8, 2018, the Company entered into a second clinical trial collaboration and supply agreement with Merck with respect to a Phase 2 study of TAVO in combination with KEYTRUDA® to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination in patients with inoperable locally advanced or metastatic TNBC, who have previously failed at least one systemic chemotherapy or immunotherapy. This study is referred to as KEYNOTE-890. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, both companies will bear their own costs related to manufacturing and supply of their product, as well as be responsible for their own internal costs. The Company will sponsor the study and be responsible for external costs. The KEYNOTE-890 study is currently enrolling and treating patients. The study is a Phase 2 open-label, single-arm, multicenter study in the United States and Australia.
The Company intends to continue to pursue other ongoing or potential new trials and studies related to TAVO, in various tumor types. In addition, the Company is also developing its next-generation electroporation device and applicator, including advancements toward prototypes, pursuing discovery research to identify other product candidates that, in addition to IL-12, can be encoded into propriety plasmid-DNA, delivered intratumorally using electroporation. Using the Company’s next-generation technology, its goal is to reverse the immunosuppressive mechanisms of a tumor, as well as to expand its ImmunoPulse® pipeline. The Company believes that the flexibility of its propriety plasmid-DNA technology allows it to deliver other immunologically relevant molecules into the tumor microenvironment in addition to the delivery of plasmid-DNA encoding for IL-12. These other immunologically relevant molecules may compliment IL-12’s activity by limiting or enhancing key pathways associated with tumor immune subversion.
Basis of Presentation
In October 2016, the Company created an Australian corporation as its wholly-owned subsidiary. This corporation’s functional currency, the Australian dollar, is also its reporting currency, and its financial statements are translated to U.S. dollars, the Company’s reporting currency, prior to consolidation. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiary, and all intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Unaudited Interim Financial Information
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of October 31, 2018, and condensed consolidated statements of operations, condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss, and condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, are unaudited, but include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) that the Company considers necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The condensed consolidated results of operations for the three months ended October 31, 2018 shown herein are not necessarily indicative of the consolidated results that may be expected for the year ending July 31, 2019, or for any other period. These condensed consolidated financial statements, and notes thereto, should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2018, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Annual Report”) filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on October 19, 2018. The consolidated balance sheet at July 31, 2018 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements.
Certain amounts in the accompanying condensed cash flow statement for the three months ended October 31, 2017 have been reclassified to conform to an interim presentation, but there was no effect on net loss for the three months ended October 31, 2017.
The entire disclosure for organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef