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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE

ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED APRIL 30, 2022

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE

ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM __ TO __

 

COMMISSION FILE NO. 000-54318

 

ONCOSEC MEDICAL INCORPORATED

(EXACT NAME OF REGISTRANT AS SPECIFIED IN ITS CHARTER)

 

nevada   98-0573252
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)
     
24 NORTH MAIN STREET    
PENNINGTON, NJ   08534
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(855) 662-6732

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share   ONCS   Nasdaq Capital Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
    Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No

 

The number of shares outstanding of the Registrant’s Common Stock, $0.0001 par value, was 39,365,543 as of June 14, 2022.

 

 

 

 

 

 

OncoSec Medical Incorporated

Form 10-Q

for the Quarterly Period Ended April 30, 2022

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION 3
Item 1. Financial Statements: 3
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of April 30, 2022 (unaudited) and July 31, 2021 3
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited) 4
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited) 5
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited) 6
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited) 8
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 9
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 28
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 36
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 37
PART II—OTHER INFORMATION 37
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 37
Item 1A. Risk Factors 37
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 38
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 38
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 38
Item 5. Other Information 38
Item 6. Exhibits 38
SIGNATURES 39

 

2

 

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

OncoSec Medical Incorporated

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

     April 30, 2022     July 31, 2021 
   (Unaudited)     
Assets          
Current assets          
Cash and cash equivalents  $19,477,493   $45,951,233 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   1,658,436    3,228,191 
Total Current Assets   21,135,929    49,179,424 
Property and equipment, net   1,023,728    928,821 
Intangible assets, net   396,000    448,412 
Operating lease right-of-use assets   4,910,443    5,445,744 
Other long-term assets   528,090    273,523 
Total Assets  $27,994,190   $56,275,924 
           
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity          
           
Liabilities          
Current liabilities          
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities  $3,145,828   $5,561,645 
Accrued compensation related   342,881    320,655 
Operating lease liabilities   1,073,440    845,483 
Note payable   124,755    1,234,133 
Total Current Liabilities   4,686,904    7,961,916 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion   4,418,671    5,238,207 
Liability under co-promotion agreement - related party   5,000,000    5,000,000 
Total Liabilities   14,105,575    18,200,123 
           
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 9)   -      
           
Stockholders’ Equity          
Common stock authorized – 100,000,000 common shares with a par value of $0.0001 as of April 30, 2022 and July 31, 2021, common stock issued and outstanding – 39,364,449 and 39,152,610 common shares as of April 30, 2022 and July 31, 2021, respectively   3,937    3,916 
Additional paid-in capital   287,855,594    286,337,291 
Warrants issued and outstanding – 1,706,190 warrants as of April 30, 2022 and July 31, 2021   3,591,734    3,591,734 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)   178,731    (79,109)
Accumulated deficit   (277,741,381)   (251,778,031)
Total Stockholders’ Equity   13,888,615    38,075,801 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  $27,994,190   $56,275,924 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

OncoSec Medical Incorporated

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

                     
   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended 
   April 30, 2022   April 30, 2021  

April 30,

2022

   April 30, 2021 
Revenue  $-   $-   $-   $- 
Expenses:                    
Research and development   7,030,607    7,589,779    20,501,917    26,304,520 
General and administrative   2,517,105    2,847,151    8,377,722    8,198,580 
Loss from operations   (9,547,712)   (10,436,930)   (28,879,639)   (34,503,100)
Gain on extinguishment of debt   -    960,790    -    960,790 
Other income (expense), net   2,182    1,723    (2,412)   660 
Interest expense   (2,701)   (1,732)   (16,128)   (12,587)
Foreign currency exchange gain (loss), net   (36,191)   35,365    (399,338)   187,039 
Loss before income taxes   (9,584,422)   (9,440,784)   (29,297,517)   (33,367,198)
Income tax (benefit) expense   (3,337,117)   1,542    (3,334,167)   4,492 
Net loss  $(6,247,305)  $(9,442,326)  $(25,963,350)  $(33,371,690)
Basic and diluted net loss per common share  $(0.16)  $(0.25)  $(0.66)  $(1.08)
Weighted average shares used in computing basic and diluted net loss per common share   39,355,672    37,335,563    39,281,841    30,857,405 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

OncoSec Medical Incorporated

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(Unaudited)

 

                         
   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended 
  

April 30,

2022

   April 30, 2021   April 30, 2022   April 30, 2021 
                 
Net Loss  $(6,247,305)  $(9,442,326)  $(25,963,350)  $(33,371,690)
Foreign currency translation adjustments   4,857    (70,491)   257,840    (336,310)
Comprehensive Loss  $(6,242,448)  $(9,512,817)  $(25,705,510)  $(33,708,000)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5

 

 

OncoSec Medical Incorporated

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

 

Three Months Ended April 30, 2022

 

   Shares   Amount   Capital   Shares   Amount   Loss   Deficit   Equity 
   Common Stock   Additional Paid-In   Warrants   Accumulated
Other Comprehensive
   Accumulated   Total
Stockholders’
 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Shares   Amount   Loss   Deficit   Equity 
Balance, January 31, 2022   39,349,269   $3,935   $287,539,711    1,706,190   $3,591,734   $173,874   $(271,494,076)  $ 19,815,178 
Stock-based compensation expense   15,180    2    315,697                    315,699 
Tax withholdings paid on equity awards           (10,378)                   (10,378)
Tax shares sold to pay for tax withholdings on equity awards           10,564                    10,564 
Other comprehensive income                       4,857        4,857 
Net loss                           (6,247,305)   (6,247,305)
Balance, April 30, 2022   39,364,449   $3,937   $287,855,594    1,706,190   $3,591,734   $178,731   $(277,741,381)  $13,888,615 

 

Nine Months Ended April 30, 2022

 

   Common Stock   Additional Paid-In   Warrants   Accumulated
Other Comprehensive
   Accumulated   Total
Stockholders’
 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Shares   Amount   Loss   Deficit   Equity 
Balance, July 31, 2021   39,152,610   $3,916   $286,337,291    1,706,190   $3,591,734   $(79,109)  $(251,778,031)  $  38,075,801 
Stock-based compensation expense   67,839    7    1,272,266                    1,272,273 
Tax withholdings paid on equity awards           (43,383)                   (43,383)
Tax shares sold to pay for tax withholdings on equity awards           42,949                    42,949 
Common stock issued for services   12,500    1    42,499                    42,500 
Exercise of common stock options   130,000    13    202,787                    202,800 
Common stock issued for employee stock purchase plan   1,500        1,185                    1,185 
Other comprehensive income                       257,840        257,840 
Net loss                           (25,963,350)   (25,963,350)
Balance, April 30, 2022   39,364,449   $3,937   $287,855,594    1,706,190   $3,591,734   $178,731   $(277,741,381)  $13,888,615 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6

 

 

Three Months Ended April 30, 2021

 

                       Accumulated         
           Additional           Other       Total 
   Common Stock   Paid-In   Warrants   Comprehensive   Accumulated   Stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Shares   Amount   Loss   Deficit   Equity 
Balance, January 31, 2021   36,491,976   $3,649   $274,633,208    2,221,315   $4,330,949   $(285,323)  $(230,539,664)  $ 48,142,819 
Exercise of common stock warrants   507,000    51    2,401,358    (507,000)   (652,259)           1,749,150 
Exercise of common stock options   136,636    13    227,840                    227,853 
Stock-based compensation expense   6,541    1    841,569                    841,570 
Tax withholdings paid on equity awards           (26,979)                   (26,979)
Tax shares sold to pay for tax withholdings on equity awards           26,142                    26,142 
Purchase of shares under CGP and Sirtex stock purchase agreements   1,691,806    169    5,836,562                    5,836,731 
Common stock issued for services   37,500    4    127,496                    127,500 
Dividends declared ($0.00 per share)                                
Net loss                           (9,442,326)   (9,442,326)
Other comprehensive loss                       (70,491)       (70,491)
Balance, April 30, 2021   38,871,459   $3,887   $284,067,196    1,714,315   $3,678,690   $(355,814)  $(239,981,990)  $47,411,969 

 

Nine Months Ended April 30, 2021

 

                       Accumulated         
           Additional           Other       Total 
   Common Stock   Paid-In   Warrants   Comprehensive   Accumulated   Stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Shares   Amount   Loss   Deficit   Equity 
Balance, July 31, 2020   23,054,474   $2,305   $214,789,808    3,114,288   $5,708,127   $(19,504)  $(206,610,300)  $  13,870,436 
Common stock issued for employee stock purchase plan   1,538        5,798                    5,798 
Exercise of common stock warrants   1,389,261    139    6,580,106    (1,389,261)   (1,787,294)           4,792,951 
Exercise of common stock options   294,884    30    489,550                    489,580 
Stock-based compensation expense   19,623    2    3,213,748                    3,213,750 
Tax withholdings paid on equity awards           (53,438)                   (53,438)
Tax shares sold to pay for tax withholdings on equity awards           54,191                    54,191 
Cancellation of expired warrants           242,143    (10,712)   (242,143)            
August 2020 Registered Direct Offering, net of $1,464,276 issuance costs   4,608,589    461    13,513,177                    13,513,638 
January 2021 Public Offering, net of $2,970,165 issuance costs   7,711,284    771    39,055,561                    39,056,332 
Purchase of shares under CGP and Sirtex stock purchase agreements   1,691,806    169    5,836,562                    5,836,731 
Common stock issued for services   100,000    10    339,990                    340,000 
Dividends declared ($0.00 per share)                                
Net loss                           (33,371,690)   (33,371,690)
Other comprehensive loss                       (336,310)       (336,310)
Balance, April 30, 2021   38,871,459   $3,887   $284,067,196    1,714,315   $3,678,690   $(355,814)  $(239,981,990)  $47,411,969 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

7

 

 

OncoSec Medical Incorporated

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

     April 30, 2022     April 30, 2021 
   Nine Months Ended 
   April 30, 2022   April 30, 2021 
Operating activities          
Net loss  $(25,963,350)  $(33,371,690)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   194,700    172,074 
Amortization of right-of-use asset   564,102    626,486 
Stock-based compensation   1,272,273    3,213,750 
Common stock issued for services   42,500    340,000 
Foreign currency exchange (gain) loss, net   399,338    (187,039)
Gain on extinguishment of debt       (960,790)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   1,561,333    681,630 
Other long-term assets   (290,876)   (28)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   (2,432,847)   (3,458,989)
Accrued compensation related   22,226    (36,343)
Operating lease liabilities   (591,579)   (406,462)
Net cash used in operating activities   (25,222,180)   (33,387,401)
           
Investing activities          
Purchase of property and equipment   (244,857)   (259,662)
Purchase of intangible assets       (495,000)
Net cash used in investing activities   (244,857)   (754,662)
           
Financing activities          
Proceeds from issuance of common stock through ESPP   1,185    5,798 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock       57,004,411 
Payment of financing and offering costs   (15,500)   (4,434,441)
Proceeds from exercise of warrants       4,792,951 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options   202,800    489,580 
Purchase of shares under CGP and Sirtex stock purchase agreements       5,836,731 
Proceeds from co-promotion agreement       5,000,000 
Principal payments on note payable   (1,109,378)   (497,319)
Tax withholdings paid on equity awards   (43,383)   (53,438)
Tax shares sold to pay for tax withholdings on equity awards   42,949    54,191 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   (921,327)   68,198,464 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents   (85,376)   (18,362)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (26,473,740)   34,038,039 
Cash and cash equivalents, at beginning of period   45,951,233    20,354,462 
Cash and cash equivalents, at end of period  $19,477,493   $54,392,501 
           
Supplemental disclosure for cash flow information:          
Cash paid during the period for:          
Interest  $16,128   $7,032 
Income taxes  $2,950   $4,492 
Noncash investing and financing transactions:          
Expiration of warrants  $   $242,143 
Increase in right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities resulting from contract modification  $   $338,819 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

8

 

 

OncoSec Medical Incorporated

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1—Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation

 

OncoSec Medical Incorporated (together with its subsidiary, unless the context indicates otherwise, being collectively referred to as the “Company”) began its operations as a biotechnology company in March 2011. The Company has not generated any revenues since its inception. The Company was incorporated in the State of Nevada on February 8, 2008 under the name of Netventory Solutions, Inc. and changed its name to OncoSec Medical Incorporated in March 2011 when it began operating as a biotechnology company.

 

The Company is a late-stage immuno-oncology company focused on designing, developing and commercializing innovative, proprietary, intra-tumoral DNA-based therapeutics to stimulate and augment anti-tumor immune responses for the treatment of cancers. Its core technology platform ImmunoPulse® is a drug-device therapeutic modality platform comprised of a proprietary intratumoral electroporation (“EP”) delivery device (the “OMS EP Device”) and a proprietary DNA plasmid that triggers transient expression of target protein in cells. The OMS EP Device is designed to deliver plasmid DNA-encoded drugs directly into a solid tumor and promote an immunological response against the cancer. The OMS EP Device can be adapted to treat different tumor types, and consists of an electrical pulse generator and disposable applicators. The Company’s lead product candidate is a DNA-encoded interleukin-12 (“IL-12”) called tavokinogene telseplasmid (“TAVO™”). The OMS EP Device is used to deliver TAVO™ intratumorally, with the aim of reversing the immunosuppressive microenvironment in the treated tumor and elicit systemic tumor-specific immune responses in cancer patients. The activation of the appropriate inflammatory response in the treated tumor can drive a systemic anti-tumor response against untreated tumors in other parts of the body. In 2017, the Company received Fast Track Designation and Orphan Drug Designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for TAVO™ in metastatic melanoma, which could qualify TAVO™ for expedited FDA review, a rolling Biologics License Application (“BLA”) review and certain other benefits.

 

The Company’s primary focus is to pursue its study of TAVO™ in combination with KEYTRUDA® (pembrolizumab) in melanoma and triple negative breast cancer (“TNBC”).

 

The Company’s KEYNOTE-695 study is a registration-directed, Phase 2b open-label, single-arm, multicenter study in approximately 100 patients treated with TAVO™ in combination with KEYTRUDA® (pembrolizumab) in anti-PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor (nivolumab or pembrolizumab) relapsed or refractory metastatic melanoma, being conducted in the United States, Canada, Australia and Europe. In May 2017, the Company entered into a clinical trial collaboration and supply agreement with a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc. (“Merck”) in connection with the KEYNOTE-695 study. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, each company will bear its own costs related to manufacturing and supply of its product, as well as be responsible for its own internal costs. The Company is the study sponsor and is responsible for external costs. The study completed enrollment of the primary cohort in December 2020. In December 2020, the protocol was amended to include an additional cohort, consisting of patients who were exposed to treatment with ipilimumab and progressed on prior anti-PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor. The amendment also enabled enrollment of approximately 25 additional patients to be treated with an updated version of the OMS EP Device (i.e., GenPulseTM generator and Series 3 Applicator), in preparation for seeking FDA approval.

 

9

 

 

The Company’s KEYNOTE-890 study is a Phase 2, open-label, single-arm, multicenter study conducted in the United States and Australia to evaluate the safety and efficacy of TAVO™ in combination with KEYTRUDA® in patients with inoperable locally advanced or metastatic TNBC who have previously failed at least one systemic chemotherapy or immunotherapy (Cohort 1) or TAVO™ in combination with KEYTRUDA® and chemotherapy in patients with inoperable locally advanced or metastatic TNBC who have had no prior systemic therapy in the advanced or metastatic setting (Cohort 2). In May 2018, the Company entered into a second clinical trial collaboration and supply agreement with a subsidiary of Merck with respect to the KEYNOTE-890 study, Cohort 1. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, each company will bear its own costs related to manufacturing and supply of its product, as well as be responsible for its own internal costs. The Company is the study sponsor and is responsible for external costs. In June 2020, the Company amended its second clinical trial collaboration and supply agreement to include KEYNOTE-890, Cohort 2. Enrollment of Cohort 1 was completed (26 patients) in December 2020. Interim data for Cohort 1 was initially presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (“SABCS”) in December 2019, and an update on this cohort was presented at the SABCS in December 2021. Enrollment of Cohort 2 (target 40 patients) began in January 2021 and is expected to be completed in 2023.

 

In May 2019, the Company supported commencement of an investigator-initiated Phase 1 clinical trial conducted by the University of California San Francisco (“UCSF”) Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center. This study targets patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head & Neck and is a single-arm open-label clinical trial in which 68 evaluable patients will receive TAVO™, KEYTRUDA® and epacadostat. Recruitment on this study has been halted after the last patient was treated in June 2021.

 

In August 2020, the Company supported commencement of an investigator-initiated Phase 2 study conducted by the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute and the University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine to evaluate TAVO™ as neoadjuvant treatment (administered before surgery) in combination with intravenous OPDIVO® (nivolumab) in up to 33 patients with operable locally/regionally advanced melanoma. This study has been designed to evaluate whether the addition of TAVO™ can increase the published anti-tumor response observed with monotherapy OPDIVO®, an anti-PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor, in patients with locally/regionally advanced melanoma prior to surgical resection of tumors. This study began enrolling patients in December of 2020. Enrollment for this trial is expected to be completed in 2023.

 

In November 2020, the Company obtained an exclusive license to the Cliniporator® electroporation gene electrotransfer platform from IGEA Clinical Biophysics. This platform has been used for electrochemotherapy in and outside of Europe in over 200 major oncological centers to treat cutaneous metastatic cancer nodules, including melanoma. The license encompasses a broad field of use for gene delivery in oncology, including use as part of the Company’s visceral lesion applicator (“VLA”) program.

  

In April 2021, the Company announced that it received authorization to CE mark the OMS EP Device for use in solid tumors. That CE mark indicates compliance with Medical Device Directives (MDD) of the European Commission for the OMS EP Device as configured at the time. Subsequent to receiving the CE mark for that version of the OMS EP Device, the Company has advanced the design of the applicator component of the OMS EP Device, which the Company refers to as the Series 3 Applicator. This newer version of the OMS EP Device, which still includes the GenPulseTM generator, is currently used as an investigational device in clinical trial sites in Australia, the EU and Switzerland. The Company is currently seeking FDA agreement for investigational use of the GenPulseTM and the Series 3 Applicator in US clinical sites.

 

10

 

 

The Company intends to continue to pursue potential new trials and studies related to TAVO™, in various tumor types. In addition, the Company is also developing its next-generation EP device and applicator, including advancements toward prototypes, pursuing discovery research to identify other product candidates that, in addition to IL-12, can be encoded into proprietary plasmid-DNA and delivered intratumorally using EP. Specifically, the Company is developing proprietary technology to potentially treat liver, lung, bladder, pancreatic and other difficult to treat visceral lesions through the direct delivery of plasmid-based IL-12 with the VLA.

 

The VLA is being designed to work with low voltage EP generators, including but not limited to the Company’s proprietary APOLLOTM EP generator and Cliniporator®, and is expected to enable transfection of immunologically relevant genes into cells located in visceral organs. In early 2020, the Company had two poster presentations, one at the Society for Interventional Oncology and one at the Society for Interventional Radiology, where it presented preclinical data pertaining to visceral delivery of plasmid therapy. Additionally, the Company has successfully completed several large animal studies to assess VLA design. The Company expected to bring a VLA into the clinic in 2023. However, this timeline is under evaluation and may extend beyond 2023. The Company believes that the flexibility of the Company’s proprietary plasmid-DNA technology allows the Company to deliver other immunologically relevant molecules into the tumor microenvironment in addition to the delivery of plasmid-DNA encoding for IL-12.

 

The Company established a collaboration with Emerge Health Pty (“Emerge”), the leading Australian company providing full registration, reimbursement, sales, marketing and distribution services of therapeutic products in Australia and New Zealand, to commercialize TAVO™ and make it available under Australia’s Special Access Scheme (“SAS”). Emerge was acquired in late 2019 and in June 2021 informed the Company that oncology will not be a core therapeutic focus for Emerge into the future. The collaboration was terminated effective October 1, 2021, and the Company will not continue to participate in the SAS program.

 

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 30, 2022, the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, the condensed consolidated statements of stockholders’ equity for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, are unaudited, but include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) that, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented and necessary in order to make the Company’s financial statements not misleading. The condensed consolidated results of operations for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022 shown herein are not necessarily indicative of the consolidated results that may be expected for the year ending July 31, 2022, or for any other period. These condensed consolidated financial statements, and notes thereto, should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2021, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Annual Report”) filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on October 29, 2021. The condensed consolidated balance sheet at July 31, 2021 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements.

 

11

 

 

Note 2—Significant Accounting Policies

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary, OncoSec Medical Australia PTY LTD. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP, which requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. Such estimates include the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern and certain calculations related to that determination, stock-based compensation, the accrual of research, product development and clinical obligations, impairment of long-lived assets, determining the Incremental Borrowing Rate for calculating Right-Of-Use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities and accounting for income taxes, including the related valuation allowance on the deferred tax asset and uncertain tax positions. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that it believes are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. On an ongoing basis, the Company reviews its estimates to ensure that they appropriately reflect changes in the business or as new information becomes available. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

Segment Reporting

 

The Company operates in a single industry segment—the discovery and development of novel immunotherapeutic product candidates to improve treatment options for patients and physicians, intended to treat a wide range of oncology indications.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into cash and have an original maturity of three months or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents.

 

Concentrations and Credit Risk

 

The Company maintains cash balances at a small number of financial institutions in both the United States and Australia and such balances commonly exceed the $250,000 amount insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and $250,000 AUD (approximately $176,000 USD) insured by the Australian Financial Claims Scheme. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and management believes that the Company does not have significant credit risk with respect to such cash and cash equivalents.

 

Property and Equipment

 

The Company’s capitalization threshold is $5,000 for property and equipment. The cost of property and equipment is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. The useful lives of property and equipment for the purpose of computing depreciation are as follows:

 Schedule of Useful Lives of Property and Equipment for Purpose of Computing Depreciation

Computers and equipment:   3 to 10 years
Computer software:   1 to 3 years
Leasehold improvements:   Shorter of lease period or useful life

 

Construction-in-progress is stated at cost, which relates to the cost of equipment not yet placed into service. No depreciation expense is recorded on construction-in-progress until such time as the relevant assets are completed and put into use.

 

12

 

 

Intangible Assets

 

Definite life intangible assets include a license. Intangible assets are recorded at cost. License agreement cost represents the fair value of the license agreement on the date acquired. Intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful life.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company periodically assesses the carrying value of intangible and other long-lived assets, and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset might not be recoverable. The assets are considered to be impaired if the Company determines that the carrying value may not be recoverable based upon its assessment, which includes consideration of the following events or changes in circumstances:

 

  the asset’s ability to continue to generate income from operations and positive cash flow in future periods;
     
  loss of legal ownership or title to the asset(s);
     
  significant changes in the Company’s strategic business objectives and utilization of the asset(s); and
     
  the impact of significant negative industry or economic trends.

 

If the assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment recognized is the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Fair value is determined by the application of discounted cash flow models to project cash flows from the assets. In addition, the Company bases estimates of the useful lives and related amortization or depreciation expense on its subjective estimate of the period the assets will generate revenue or otherwise be used by it. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value, less selling costs. The Company also periodically reviews the lives assigned to long-lived assets to ensure that the initial estimates do not exceed any revised estimated periods from which the Company expects to realize cash flows from its assets.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development expenses consist of costs incurred for internal projects, as well as partner-funded collaborative research and development activities. These costs include direct and research-related overhead expenses, which include salaries, stock-based compensation and other personnel-related expenses, facility costs, supplies, depreciation of facilities and laboratory equipment, as well as research consultants and the cost of funding research at universities and other research institutions, and are expensed as incurred. Costs to acquire technologies that are utilized in research and development that have no alternative future use, are expensed when incurred. In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 730-20, the Company accounts for upfront, non-refundable research and development payments received from a related party as a long-term liability as there has not been a substantive and genuine transfer of risk and there is a presumption that the Company is obligated to repay the related party.

 

13

 

 

Accruals for Research and Development Expenses and Clinical Trials

 

The Company is required to estimate its expenses resulting from its obligations under contracts with vendors, clinical research organizations and consultants and under clinical site agreements in connection with conducting clinical trials. The financial terms of these contracts vary from contract to contract and may result in payment terms that do not match the periods over which materials or services are provided under such contracts. The Company accounts for these expenses in its financial statements by matching those expenses with the period in which services are performed and efforts are expended. The Company determines accrual estimates through financial models and takes into account discussion with applicable personnel and outside service providers as to the progress of clinical trials, or the services completed. The Company makes estimates of its accrued expenses as of each balance sheet date based on the facts and circumstances known to it at that time. The Company’s clinical trial accruals are dependent upon the timely and accurate reporting of contract research organizations and other third-party vendors. During the course of a clinical trial, the Company adjusts its clinical expense recognition if actual results differ from its estimates.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The carrying amounts for cash and cash equivalents, prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses and notes payable approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. It is management’s opinion that the Company is not exposed to significant interest, currency, or credit risks arising from its other financial instruments and that their fair values approximate their carrying values except where expressly disclosed.

 

The accounting standard for fair value measurements provides a framework for measuring fair value and requires disclosures regarding fair value measurements. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, based on the Company’s principal or, in the absence of a principal, most advantageous market for the specific asset or liability.

 

The Company uses a three-tier fair value hierarchy to classify and disclose all assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis, as well as assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis, in periods subsequent to their initial measurement. The hierarchy requires the Company to use observable inputs when available, and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs, when determining fair value.

 

The three tiers are defined as follows:

 

Level 1—Observable inputs that reflect quoted market prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets at the measurement date. Since valuations are based on quoted prices that are readily and regularly available in an active market, valuation of these products does not entail a significant degree of judgment.
   
Level 2—Observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly in the marketplace for identical or similar assets and liabilities.
   
Level 3—Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.

 

The development and determination of the unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements and fair value calculations are the responsibility of the Company’s management.

 

Changes in fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are analyzed each period based on changes in estimates or assumptions and recorded as appropriate.

 

The Company had no assets or liabilities that required remeasurement on a recurring basis as of April 30, 2022 and July 31, 2021.

 

14

 

 

Warrants

 

The Company assesses its warrants as either equity or a liability based upon the characteristics and provisions of each instrument. Warrants classified as equity are recorded at fair value as of the date of issuance on the Company’s balance sheet and no further adjustments to their valuation are made. Warrants classified as derivative liabilities and other derivative financial instruments that require separate accounting as liabilities are recorded on the Company’s balance sheet at their fair value on the date of issuance and are re-measured on each subsequent balance sheet date until such instruments are exercised or expire, with any changes in the fair value between reporting periods recorded as other income or expense. Management estimates the fair value of these liabilities using option pricing models and assumptions that are based on the individual characteristics of the warrants or other instruments on the valuation date, as well as assumptions for future financings, expected volatility, expected life, yield and risk-free interest rate. As of April 30, 2022 and July 31, 2021, all outstanding warrants issued by the Company were classified as equity.

 

Net Loss Per Share

 

The Company computes basic net loss per common share by dividing the applicable net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the applicable net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period plus additional shares to account for the dilutive effect of potential future issuances of common stock relating to stock options and other potentially dilutive securities using the treasury stock method.

 

The Company did not include shares underlying stock options, restricted stock units and warrants issued and outstanding during any of the periods presented in the computation of net loss per share, as the effect would have been anti-dilutive. The following potentially dilutive outstanding securities were excluded from diluted net loss per share because of their anti-dilutive effect:

 Schedule of Antidilutive Securities Excluded from Computation of Earnings Per Share

   For the Three and Nine Months
Ended
  

For the Three and Nine Months

Ended

 
   April 30, 2022   April 30, 2021 
Stock options   2,323,314    2,491,898 
Restricted stock units   74,805    21,541 
Warrants   1,706,190    1,714,315 
Total   4,104,309    4,227,754 

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company grants equity-based awards (typically stock options or restricted stock units) under its stock-based compensation plan and occasionally outside of its stock-based compensation plan, with terms generally similar to the terms under the Company’s stock-based compensation plan. The Company estimates the fair value of stock option awards using the Black-Scholes option valuation model. For employees, directors and consultants, the fair value of the award is measured on the grant date. The fair value amount is then recognized over the period during which services are required to be provided in exchange for the award, usually the vesting period. The Black-Scholes option valuation model requires the input of subjective assumptions, including price volatility of the underlying stock, risk-free interest rate, dividend yield, and expected life of the option. The Company estimates the fair value of restricted stock unit awards based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance.

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

Employees may elect to participate in the Company’s stockholder-approved employee stock purchase plan. The stock purchase plan allows for the purchase of the Company’s common stock at not less than 85% of the lesser of (i) the fair market value of a share of common stock on the beginning date of the offering period and (ii) the fair market value of a share of common stock on the purchase date of the offering period, subject to a share and dollar limit as defined in the plan and subject to the applicable legal requirements. There are two six-month offering periods during each fiscal year, ending on January 31 and July 31.

 

15

 

 

In accordance with applicable accounting guidance, the fair value of awards under the stock purchase plan is calculated at the beginning of each offering period. The Company estimates the fair value of the awards using the Black-Scholes option valuation model. The Black-Scholes option valuation model requires the input of subjective assumptions, including price volatility of the underlying stock, risk-free interest rate, dividend yield, and the offering period. This fair value is then amortized at the beginning of the offering period. Stock-based compensation expense is based on awards expected to be purchased at the beginning of the offering period, and therefore is reduced when participants withdraw during the offering period.

 

Leases

 

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating lease ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset during the lease term, and operating lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating leases are included in ROU assets, current operating lease liabilities, and long-term operating lease liabilities on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Lease ROU assets and lease liabilities are initially recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date calculated using the Company’s incremental borrowing rate applicable to the lease asset, unless the implicit rate is readily determinable. ROU assets also include any lease payments made at or before lease commencement and exclude any lease incentives received. The Company’s lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. Leases with a term of 12 months or less are not recognized on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company’s leases do not contain any residual value guarantees. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company accounts for lease and non-lease components as a single lease component for all its leases.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

The Company uses the U.S. Dollar as the reporting currency for its financial statements. Functional currency is the currency of the primary economic environment in which an entity operates. The functional currency of the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary is the Australian dollar.

 

Assets and liabilities of the Company’s subsidiary are translated into U.S. Dollars at period-end foreign exchange rates, and revenues and expenses are translated at average rates prevailing throughout the period. Translation adjustments are included in “Accumulated other comprehensive income” as a separate component of stockholders’ equity, and in the “Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents,” on the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. Transaction gains and losses including intercompany transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of the entity involved are included in “Foreign currency exchange gain (loss), net” on the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) includes foreign currency translation adjustments related to the Company’s subsidiary in Australia and is excluded from the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

Australia Research and Development Tax Credit

 

The Company’s wholly-owned Australian subsidiary incurs research and development expenses, primarily in the course of conducting clinical trials. The Company’s Australian research and development activities qualify for the Australian government’s tax credit program, which provides a 43.5% credit for qualifying research and development expenses. The tax credit does not depend on the Company’s generation of future taxable income or ongoing tax status or position. Accordingly, the credit is not considered an element of income tax accounting under ASC 740 “Income Taxes” and is recorded against qualifying research and development expenses.

 

16

 

 

The CARES Act

 

On March 27, 2020, the president signed into law the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) providing nearly $2 trillion in economic relief to eligible businesses impacted by the coronavirus outbreak. The CARES Act, among other things, includes provisions relating to refundable payroll tax credits, deferment of employer social security payments, net operating loss (“NOL”) utilization and carryback periods, modifications to the net interest deduction limitations and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property. In addition to the loan under the Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”) under the CARES Act received in April 2020 (see Note 5), the Company continues to review, and intends to seek, any other available potential benefits under the CARES Act as well as any future legislation signed into law during 2022. Other than the forgiveness of the PPP loan, the effects of the CARES Act did not have a significant impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements during the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

No recent accounting pronouncements are anticipated to have an impact on or related to the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, or related disclosures.

 

Note 3—Going Concern and Management’s Plans

 

The Company has sustained losses in all reporting periods since inception, with an accumulated deficit of approximately $277.7 million as of April 30, 2022. These losses are expected to continue for an extended period of time. Further, the Company has never generated any cash from its operations and does not expect to generate such cash in the near term. The aforementioned factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year from the issuance date of the condensed consolidated financial statements. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of asset amounts or the classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern within one year after the date the condensed consolidated financial statements are issued.

 

As of June 1, 2022, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $17.3 million. Since inception, cash flows from financing activities have been the primary source of the Company’s liquidity. Based on the Company’s current cash levels, the Company believes its cash resources are insufficient to meet the Company’s anticipated needs for the 12 months following the date the condensed consolidated financial statements are issued.

 

The Company recognizes it will need to raise additional capital to continue operating its business and fund its planned operations, including research and development, clinical trials and, if regulatory approval is obtained, commercialization of its product candidates. In addition, the Company will require additional financing if it desires to in-license or acquire new assets, research and develop new compounds or new technologies and pursue related patent protection, or obtain any other intellectual property rights or other assets. There is no assurance that additional financing will be available to the Company when needed, that management will be able to obtain financing on terms acceptable to the Company, or whether the Company will become profitable and generate positive operating cash flow. The source, timing and availability of any future financing will depend principally upon market conditions, and, more specifically, on the progress of our clinical development programs. Similarly, if our common stock is delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market, it may limit our ability to raise additional funds (see Note 13). The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has also caused volatility in the global financial markets and threatened a slowdown in the global economy, which may negatively affect our ability to raise additional capital on attractive terms or at all. If the Company is unable to raise sufficient additional funds when needed, on favorable terms or at all, the Company will not be able to continue the development of its product candidates as currently planned or at all, will need to reevaluate its planned operations and may need to delay, scale back or eliminate some or all of its development programs, reduce expenses or cease operations, any of which would have a significant negative impact on the Company’s prospects and financial condition.

 

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Note 4—Balance Sheet Details

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment, net, is comprised of the following:

 

   April 30, 2022   July 31, 2021 
Equipment and furniture  $1,944,540   $1,919,301 
Computer software   109,242    109,242 
Leasehold improvements   32,651    32,651 
Construction in progress   446,367    234,409 
Property and equipment, gross   2,532,800    2,295,603 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization   (1,509,072)   (1,366,782)
Total  $1,023,728   $928,821 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense recorded for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022 was approximately $47,000 and $143,000, respectively.

 

Depreciation and amortization expense recorded for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2021 was approximately $47,000 and $143,000, respectively.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets, net, is comprised of the following:

 

   April 30, 2022   July 31, 2021 
License  $495,000   $495,000 
Accumulated amortization   (99,000)   (46,588)
Total  $396,000   $448,412 

 

In November 2020, the Company licensed generator technology for use in its clinical trials and other research and development efforts. Unless earlier terminated, the term of the license agreement will remain in effect for 85 months. The Company has determined that the license has alternative future uses in research and development projects. The value of the acquired license is recorded as an intangible asset with amortization over the estimated useful life of 85 months.

 

Intangible asset amortization expense recorded for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022 was approximately $17,000 and $52,000, respectively.

 

Intangible asset amortization expense recorded for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2021 was approximately $17,000 and $29,000, respectively.

 

At April 30, 2022, the estimated amortization expense by fiscal year based on the current carrying value of intangible assets is as follows:

 

     
Years ending July 31,    
2022 – the remainder of the fiscal year  $17,471 
2023   69,882 
2024   69,882 
2025   69,882 
2026   69,882 
Thereafter   99,001 
Total  $396,000 

 

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Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities are comprised of the following:

 

   April 30, 2022   July 31, 2021 
Research and development costs  $2,391,304   $4,206,926 
Professional services fees   664,035    1,229,040 
Other   90,489    125,679 
Total  $3,145,828   $5,561,645 

 

Accrued Compensation

 

Accrued compensation is comprised of the following:

 

      April 30, 2022       July 31, 2021  
Accrued payroll   $ 166,384     $ 311,590  
401K payable     31,996       9,065  
Accrued severance     144,501       -  
Total   $ 342,881     $ 320,655  

 

Note 5—Note Payable

 

On April 27, 2020, the Company was granted a two-year loan (the “Loan”) from the Banc of California in the aggregate amount of $952,744, pursuant to the PPP under the CARES Act, which was enacted on March 27, 2020. Interest accrued at 1% per year, effective on the date of initial disbursement.

 

The Company submitted its application for full loan forgiveness on January 6, 2021. On February 12, 2021, the Company received notice that the full Loan amount of $952,744 and $8,046 of accrued interest had been forgiven. As a result, the Company recorded a $960,790 gain on extinguishment of debt in its condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2021.

 

On July 1, 2021, the Company entered into a finance agreement with AFCO Premium Credit LLC (“AFCO”). Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, AFCO loaned the Company the principal amount of $1,355,919, which would accrue interest at 2.894% per annum, to partially fund the payment of the premium of the Company’s Director & Officer insurance. The agreement requires the Company to make eleven monthly payments of $125,056, including interest starting on July 18, 2021. At April 30, 2022, the outstanding balance related to this finance agreement was $124,755.

 

Note 6—Stockholders’ Equity

 

January 2021 Offering

 

On January 25, 2021, the Company completed the offer and sale of an aggregate of 7,711,284 shares of its common stock at a purchase price of $5.45 per share in a public offering. The gross proceeds from the offering were approximately $42.0 million, and the net proceeds, after deducting the placement agent’s fee and other offering fees and expenses paid by the Company, were approximately $39.1 million. In connection with the offering, the Company paid the underwriters an aggregate cash fee equal to 6.0% of the gross proceeds of the offering, as well as legal and other expenses equal to approximately $0.4 million.

 

19

 

 

August 2020 Offering

 

On August 19, 2020, the Company completed the offer and sale of an aggregate of 4,608,589 shares of its common stock at a purchase price of $3.25 per share in a registered direct public offering. The gross proceeds from the offering were approximately $15.0 million, and the net proceeds, after deducting the placement agent’s fee and other offering fees and expenses paid by the Company, were approximately $13.5 million. In connection with the offering, the Company paid the placement agent and other financial advisors an aggregate cash fee equal to 8.0% of the gross proceeds of the offering, as well as legal and other expenses equal to approximately $0.3 million.

 

Common Stock Option Exercise

 

During the nine months ended April 30, 2022, shares of common stock issued related to option exercises totaled 130,000. The Company realized proceeds of approximately $0.2 million from the stock option exercises. During the nine months ended April 30, 2021, shares of common stock issued related to option exercises totaled 294,884. The Company realized proceeds of approximately $0.5 million from the stock option exercises.

 

Outstanding Warrants

 

There were no warrants exercised during the nine months ended April 30, 2022. During the nine months ended April 30, 2021, shares of common stock issued related to warrant exercises totaled 1,389,261. The Company realized proceeds of approximately $4.8 million from the warrantexercises.

 

At April 30, 2022, the Company had outstanding warrants to purchase 1,706,190 shares of its common stock, with exercise prices ranging from $3.45 to $16.80, all of which were classified as equity instruments. These warrants expire at various dates between October 2022 and May 2024.

 

China Grand Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Holdings Limited and Sirtex Medical US Holdings, Inc.

 

On October 10, 2019, the Company and Grand Pharmaceutical Group Limited (formerly China Grand Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Holdings Limited), a company formed under the laws of the British Virgin Islands (“CGP”), and its affiliate, Sirtex Medical US Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Sirtex”) entered into Stock Purchase Agreements (as amended, the “Purchase Agreements”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to sell and issue to CGP and Sirtex 10,000,000 shares and 2,000,000 shares, respectively, of the Company’s common stock for a total purchase price of $30.0 million. The net proceeds, after deducting offering fees and expenses paid by the Company, were approximately $28.0 million. This transaction closed on February 7, 2020 (the “Closing”). Pursuant to the Purchase Agreements, CGP and Sirtex were given the right under certain circumstances to purchase in the future additional shares of common stock in order to maintain CGP and Sirtex’s respective ownership percentages of the outstanding shares of common stock of the Company as of the Closing.

 

During the nine months ended April 30, 2021, shares of common stock issued to third party investors related to warrant exercises totaled 1,389,261. On April 16, 2021, in accordance with their respective Purchase Agreement, CGP and Sirtex exercised their rights to purchase additional shares of common stock at a purchase price equal to the same exercise price paid by each warrant holder. The Company issued 1,409,838 shares of common stock to CGP at an exercise price of $3.45 per share, resulting in gross proceeds of approximately $4.8 million. The Company issued 281,968 shares of common stock to Sirtex at an exercise price of $3.45 per share, resulting in gross proceeds of approximately $1.0 million.

 

20

 

 

Note 7—Stock-Based Compensation

 

The OncoSec Medical Incorporated 2011 Stock Incentive Plan (as amended and approved by the Company’s stockholders (the “2011 Plan”)), authorizes the Company’s Board of Directors to grant equity awards, including but not limited to, stock options and restricted stock units, to employees, directors and consultants. The 2011 Plan authorizes a total of 4,600,000 shares of common stock for issuance. Under the 2011 Plan, incentive stock options are to be granted at a price that is no less than 100% of the fair value of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant. Stock options vest over a period specified in the individual option agreements entered into with grantees and are exercisable for a maximum period of 10 years after the date of grant. Incentive stock options granted to stockholders who own more than 10% of the outstanding stock of the Company at the time of grant must be issued at an exercise price of no less than 110% of the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.

 

Modification of Stock Option Awards

 

During the nine months ended April 30, 2021, the compensation committee of the Company’s Board of Directors approved the accelerated vesting of 791,019 and 91,666 previously granted time-vesting awards for employees and directors, respectively. The Company accounted for the effects of the stock option modifications described above under the guidance of ASC 718 as follows:

 

● The unamortized compensation costs associated with the time-vesting options was expensed on the date of acceleration, which was approximately $1.2 million and $0.1 million for the employees and directors, respectively.

 

● Upon modification, it is required under ASC 718 to analyze the fair value of the instruments, before and after the modification, recognizing additional compensation cost for any incremental value. The Company computed the fair value of the award immediately prior to the modification and compared the fair value to that of the modified award. Since the value of the awards were less after the modification as compared to immediately prior to the modification, no additional compensation expense was recorded.

 

Stock Options

 

During the nine months ended April 30, 2022, the Company granted options to purchase 23,400 and 25,000 shares of its common stock to employees and a consultant under the 2011 Plan, respectively. The stock options issued to employees have a 10-year term, vest over two years and have exercise prices ranging from $2.01 to $2.26. The stock options issued to the consultant have a 10-year term, vest over one year and have an exercise price of $1.42.

 

During the nine months ended April 30, 2021, the Company granted options to purchase 879,226, 125,000 and 25,000 shares of its common stock to employees, directors and a consultant under the 2011 Plan, respectively. The stock options issued to employees have a 10-year term, vest over two to three years and have exercise prices ranging from $3.43 to $7.64. The stock options issued to directors have a 10-year term, vest over one year and have an exercise price of $3.43. The stock options issued to the consultant have a 10-year term, vest over one year and have an exercise price of $3.82.

 

During the nine months ended April 30, 2021, in accordance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(c)(4), the Company granted inducement equity awards that consisted of options to purchase 520,000 shares of its common stock to employees outside the 2011 Plan. The stock options issued to the employee are nonqualified, have a 10-year term, vest over one to two years and have exercise prices ranging from $3.56 to $7.45.

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation based on the fair value of the stock-based awards granted and records forfeitures as they occur. As such, the Company recognizes stock-based compensation cost only for those stock-based awards that vest over their requisite service period, based on the vesting provisions of the individual grants. The service period is generally the vesting period, with the exception of stock options granted pursuant to a consulting agreement, in which case the stock option vesting period and the service period are defined pursuant to the terms of the consulting agreement.

 

21

 

 

The following assumptions were used for the Black-Scholes calculation of the fair value of stock-based compensation related to stock options granted during the periods presented:

 

  

Nine Months

Ended

April 30, 2022

  

Nine Months

Ended

April 30, 2021

 
Expected term (years)    5.006.00 years    5.006.50 years 
Risk-free interest rate    0.691.30%   0.271.13%
Volatility    86.9890.74%   85.3189.08%
Dividend yield    0%   0%

 

The Company’s expected volatility is derived from the historical daily change in the market price of its common stock. The Company uses the simplified method to calculate the expected term of options issued to employees, non-employees and directors, as the Company does not have much stock option exercise history and thus does not have enough information on exercise behavior to calculate a refined expected term based on that information. The risk-free interest rate used in the Black-Scholes calculation is based on the prevailing U.S. Treasury yield in effect at the time of grant, commensurate with the expected term. For the expected dividend yield used in the Black-Scholes calculation, the Company has never paid any dividends on its common stock and does not anticipate paying dividends on its common stock in the foreseeable future.

 

The following is a summary of the Company’s 2011 Plan and non-Plan stock option activity for the nine months ended April 30, 2022:

 

   Options  

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

  

Weighted -

Average Remaining Contract
(in years)

  

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value

($000)

 
Outstanding - July 31, 2021   3,111,642   $3.27           
Granted   48,400   $1.76           
Exercised   (130,000)  $1.56           
Forfeited/Cancelled   (706,728)  $3.76                   
Outstanding - April 30, 2022   2,323,314   $3.19    8.5   $- 
Exercisable - April 30, 2022   1,948,233   $3.07    8.4   $- 

 

The weighted-average grant date fair value of stock options granted during the nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021 was $1.24 and $3.14, respectively.

 

As of April 30, 2022, the Company has approximately $0.9 million in unrecognized stock-based compensation expense attributable to the outstanding options, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.04 years.

 

Stock-based compensation expense recorded in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022 resulting from stock options awarded to the Company’s employees, directors and consultants was approximately $0.3 million and $1.1 million, respectively. Of the total expense, $0.2 million and $0.6 million, respectively, was recorded to research and development and $0.1 million and $0.5 million, respectively was recorded in general and administrative in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022.

 

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Stock-based compensation expense recorded in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2021 resulting from stock options awarded to the Company’s employees, directors and consultants was approximately $0.8 million and $3.1 million, which included approximately $0 and $1.3 million, respectively, related to the accelerated vesting of time-vesting options. Of the total expense, $0.3 million and $1.6 million, respectively, was recorded to research and development and $0.5 million and $1.5 million, respectively, was recorded in general and administrative in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2021.

 

Restricted Stock Units (“RSUs”)

 

For the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022, the Company recorded approximately $0.05 million and $0.2 million, respectively, in stock-based compensation related to RSUs, which is reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

For the three and nine months ended April 30, 2021, the Company recorded approximately $0.05 million and $0.1 million, respectively, in stock-based compensation related to RSUs, which is reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

The following table summarize RSUs issued and outstanding:

 

   RSUs  

Weighted

Average

Grant Date

Fair Value

 
Nonvested - July 31, 2021   442,749   $3.24 
Vested   (67,839)  $3.38 
Forfeited/Cancelled   (300,105)  $3.16 
Nonvested - April 30, 2022   74,805   $3.42 

 

As of April 30, 2022, there was approximately $0.2 million unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested RSUs. This amount is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.11 years.

 

Shares Issued to Consultants

 

During the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022, 0 and 12,500 shares of common stock valued at approximately $0 and $0.04 million, respectively, were issued to a consultant for services. The common stock share values were based on the closing stock price of the Company’s common stock on the date the shares were granted.

 

During the three and nine months ended April 30, 2021, 37,500 and 100,000 shares of common stock valued at approximately $0.1 million and $0.3 million, respectively, were issued to a consultant for services. The common stock share values were based on the closing stock price of the Company’s common stock on the date the shares were granted.

 

2015 Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

Under the Company’s 2015 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”), the Company is authorized to issue 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. At April 30, 2022, there were 28,294 shares remaining available for issuance under the ESPP.

 

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The ESPP is considered a Type B plan under FASB ASC Topic 718 because the number of shares a participant is permitted to purchase is not fixed based on the stock price at the beginning of the offering period and the expected withholdings. The ESPP enables the participant to “buy-up” to the plan’s share limit, if the stock price is lower on the purchase date. As a result, the fair value of the awards granted under the ESPP is calculated at the beginning of each offering period as the sum of:

 

  15% of the share price of an unvested share at the beginning of the offering period,
  85% of the fair market value of a six-month call on the unvested share aforementioned, and
  15% of the fair market value of a six-month put on the unvested share aforementioned.

 

The fair market value of the six-month call and six-month put are based on the Black-Scholes option valuation model. For the six-month offering period to end on July 31, 2022, the following assumptions were used: six-month maturity, 0.05% risk free interest, 83.58% volatility, 0% forfeitures and $0 dividends. For the six-month offering period ended July 31, 2021, the following assumptions were used: six-month maturity, 0.07% risk free interest, 88.03% volatility, 0% forfeitures and $0 dividends.

 

Approximately $1,800 and $10,300 was recorded as stock-based compensation during the nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

Common Stock Reserved for Future Issuance

 

The following table summarizes all common stock reserved for future issuance at April 30, 2022:

 

      
Common Stock options outstanding (within the 2011 Plan and outside of the terms of the 2011 Plan)   2,323,314 
Common Stock reserved for restricted stock unit release   74,805 
Common Stock authorized for future grant under the 2011 Plan   1,682,574 
Common Stock reserved for warrant exercise   1,706,190 
Shares issuable under CGP and Sirtex stock purchase agreements (Note 6)   1,924,001 
Common Stock reserved for future ESPP issuance   28,294 
Total Common Stock reserved for future issuance   7,739,178 

 

Note 8—Income Taxes

 

Sale of New Jersey Net Operating Losses

 

In April 2022, the Company received $3.3 million in net proceeds from the sale of its New Jersey Net Operating Losses under the State of New Jersey NOL Transfer Program.

 

In June 2021, the Company received $2.4 million in net proceeds from the sale of its New Jersey Net Operating Losses under the State of New Jersey NOL Transfer Program.

 

Note 9—Commitments and Contingencies

 

Contingencies

 

The Company is not a party to any other legal proceeding or aware of any other threatened action as of the date of this report.

 

Employment Agreements

 

The Company has entered into employment agreements with certain executive officers and certain other key employees. Generally, the terms of these agreements provide that, if the Company terminates the officer or employee other than for cause, death or disability, or if the officer terminates his or her employment with the Company for good cause, the officer shall be entitled to receive certain severance compensation and benefits as described in each such agreement.

 

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Note 10—Leases

 

Lease Agreements

 

The Company has operating leases for corporate offices and lab space. These leases have remaining lease terms of approximately one year to five years, some of which include options to extend the lease. For any lease where the Company is reasonably certain that a renewal option will be exercised, the lease payments associated with the renewal option period are included in the ROU asset and lease liability as of April 30, 2022.

 

Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases as of April 30, 2022 was as follows:

 

Operating Leases:    
Operating lease right-of-use assets  $4,910,443 
Operating Leases:     
Current portion included in current liabilities  $1,073,440 
Long-term portion included in non-current liabilities   4,418,671 
Total operating lease liabilities  $5,492,111 

 

Supplemental lease expense related to leases is as follows:

 

  

For the Three Months Ended

April 30, 2022

  

For the Nine

Months Ended

April 30, 2022

 
Operating lease cost  $379,718   $1,126,828
Total lease expense  $379,718   $1,126,828 

 

Other information related to leases where the Company is the lessee is as follows:

 

  

As of

April 30, 2022

 
Weighted-average remaining lease term   4.3 years 
Weighted-average discount rate   9.97%

 

Supplemental cash flow information related to operating leases is as follows:

 

  

For the Three Months Ended

April 30, 2022

  

For the Nine

Months Ended

April 30, 2022

 
Cash paid for operating lease liabilities  $388,694   $1,184,073 
Total cash flows related to operating lease liabilities  $388,694   $1,184,073 

 

25

 

 

Future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable leases as of April 30, 2022 is as follows:

 

Years ending July 31,    
2022 – the remainder of the fiscal year  $388,694 
2023   1,585,224 
2024   1,539,142 
2025   1,516,126 
2026   1,533,882 
Thereafter   240,688 
Total minimum lease payments   6,803,756 
Less: Imputed interest   (1,311,645)
Total  $5,492,111 

 

Note 11—401(k) Plan

 

Effective May 15, 2012, the Company adopted a defined contribution savings plan pursuant to Section 401(k) of the Code. The plan is for the benefit of all qualifying employees and permits voluntary contributions by employees of up to 100% of eligible compensation, subject to the maximum limits imposed by Internal Revenue Service. The terms of the plan allow for discretionary employer contributions and the Company currently matches 100% of its employees’ contributions, up to 3% of their annual compensation. The Company’s contributions are recorded as expense in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company’s contributions totaled approximately $51,000 and $132,000 for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2022, respectively. The Company’s contributions totaled approximately $30,000 and $91,000 for the three and nine months ended April 30, 2021, respectively.

 

Note 12—Related Party Transactions

 

Except as disclosed elsewhere herein, below are the Company’s related party transactions for the nine months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021.

 

Equity Offerings

 

On January 25, 2021, the Company completed the offer and sale of an aggregate of 7,711,284 shares of its common stock at a purchase price of $5.45 per share in a public offering (see Note 6). CGP and Sirtex participated in the offering. Each of CGP and Sirtex exercised its right of participation in future offerings in order to maintain respective ownership percentages of the outstanding shares of common stock of the Company upon the Closing, and purchased 3,389,198 and 677,839 shares of common stock, respectively, at a purchase price of $5.45 per share.

 

On August 19, 2020, the Company completed the offer and sale of an aggregate of 4,608,589 shares of its common stock at a purchase price of $3.25 per share in a registered direct offering (see Note 6). CGP and Sirtex participated in the registered direct offering and maintained their respective ownership percentages of the outstanding shares of common stock of the Company upon the Closing, and purchased 1,999,000 and 399,800 shares of common stock, respectively, at a purchase price of $3.25 per share.

 

Co-Promotion Agreement

 

In January 2021, the Company entered into a co-promotion agreement with Sirtex, pursuant to which the Company granted Sirtex the option to co-promote TAVO™ for the treatment of anti-PD-1 refractory locally advanced or metastatic melanoma in the U.S., including its territories and possessions. In consideration for the option, the Company received an upfront, non-refundable payment of $5.0 million from Sirtex (the “option fee”). The option to co-promote is non-exclusive and may be exercised at any time by Sirtex from the effective date until 90 days following the receipt by Sirtex of a complete copy of the final BLA filed by the Company with the FDA (the “option period”). If Sirtex exercises the option, the Company will receive an additional non-refundable and non-creditable option exercise fee of $25.0 million, comprised of $20.0 million in cash, and $5.0 million for the issuance of common shares of the Company determined by the average closing price of the stock for the 30 days prior to the date of receipt of the exercise notice for the option.

 

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Under the terms of the co-promotion agreement, if Sirtex exercises the co-promote option, the Company will pay to Sirtex a high-teens to low-twenties royalty (“promotion fee”) of U.S. net sales of the TAVO™ products. The co-promotion agreement will continue until the earlier of the expiration of the option period without Sirtex extending the option or the eighth anniversary of the first FDA approval of the BLA, and can be extended by mutual agreement between the Company and Sirtex. During the co-promotion term, the Company is responsible for funding approximately two-thirds of the promotional costs incurred by Sirtex and Sirtex shall be responsible for approximately one-third.

 

The Company has determined that the co-promotion agreement represents a funded research and development arrangement within the scope of ASC Subtopic 730-20, Research and Development—Research and Development Arrangements (ASC 730-20). The Company concluded that there has not been a substantive and genuine transfer of risk related to the co-promotion agreement and the Company’s ongoing development of TAVO™ as there is a presumption that the Company is obligated to repay Sirtex based on the significant related party relationship that exists between the parties. This significant related party relationship is based on Sirtex’s approximate 8% ownership of the outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock, and that of its significant equity holder, CGP (which owns 49% of Sirtex), which, at the time of entering into the agreement, owned approximately 42% of the outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock and is the Company’s largest shareholder.

 

The Company has determined that the appropriate accounting treatment under ASC 730-20 is to record any proceeds received from Sirtex for the co-promote option or upon exercise of the option as cash and cash equivalents as the Company has the ability to direct the usage of funds, and as a corresponding long-term liability (“Liability under co-promotion agreement – related party”) on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet when received. The liability will remain on the balance sheet until (i) Sirtex exercises the option which results in royalties paid by the Company to Sirtex based on the net sales of the TAVO™ products, or (ii) Sirtex does not exercise the option and the co-promotion agreement is terminated by the parties.

 

As of April 30, 2022, the balance of the Liability under co-promotion agreement – related party relates to the option fee payment of $5.0 million received from Sirtex.

 

Note 13—Subsequent Events

 

On April 28, 2022, the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of OncoSec Medical Incorporated (the “Company”) approved the appointment of Robert H. Arch, Ph.D., as the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer, effective May 2, 2022. In connection with Dr. Arch’s appointment as the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer, the Company entered into an executive employment agreement, dated April 28, 2022, and effective as of May 2, 2022 (the “Employment Agreement”), with Dr. Arch that governs the terms of Dr. Arch’s employment with the Company. The Employment Agreement provides that Dr. Arch will be entitled to an initial annual base salary of $505,000 and will be eligible to receive an annual bonus of up to 40% of his annual base salary, with a pro-rated annual bonus for fiscal year 2022, based on the achievement of certain performance goals. The Employment Agreement also provides that Dr. Arch will be eligible to receive a signing bonus equal to $150,000, payable in three installments over Dr. Arch’s first year of employment, provided that Dr. Arch is employed on each applicable installment date. In connection with his appointment, the Company granted Dr. Arch non-qualified stock options to purchase 700,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market on May 2, 2022, as an inducement material to Dr. Arch entering into employment with the Company in accordance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(c)(4), which grant was made outside of the Company’s 2011 Stock Incentive Plan. The stock options will vest quarterly, commencing on the first completed calendar quarter after the date of grant, subject to Dr. Arch’s continuous service with the Company through each such vesting date.

 

On June 2, 2022, the Company received notice (the “Notice”) from the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”) that the Company is not in compliance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2), as the minimum bid price of the Company’s common stock had been below $1.00 per share for 30 consecutive business days as of the date of the Notice. The Notice has no immediate effect on the listing of the Company’s common stock, which will continue to trade at this time on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “ONCS.”

 

In accordance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A), the Company has a period of 180 calendar days, or until November 29, 2022, to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement. To regain compliance, the closing bid price of the Company’s common stock must meet or exceed $1.00 per share for at least ten consecutive business days during this 180 calendar day period. In the event the Company does not regain compliance by November 29, 2022, the Company may be eligible for an additional 180 calendar day grace period if it meets the continued listing requirement for market value of publicly held shares ($1 million) and all other initial listing standards for the Nasdaq Capital Market, with the exception of the minimum bid price, and provides written notice to Nasdaq of its intention to cure the deficiency during the second compliance period by effecting a reverse stock split, if necessary. If the Company does not regain compliance within the allotted compliance period(s), Nasdaq will provide notice that the Company’s common stock will be subject to delisting from the Nasdaq Capital Market. In that event, the Company may appeal such delisting determination to a hearings panel.

 

The Company is currently evaluating its alternatives to resolve the listing deficiency. To the extent that the Company is unable to resolve the listing deficiency, there is a risk that the Company’s common stock may be delisted from Nasdaq, which would adversely impact liquidity of its common stock and potentially result in even lower bid prices for its common stock.

 

On November 29, 2021, the Company notified Nasdaq that Robert E. Ward had resigned as a member of the Board of Directors and the Company’s Audit Committee, as disclosed on the Company’s Current Report filed on Form 8-K on November 30, 2021. After giving effect to Mr. Ward’s resignation, the Company’s Audit Committee no longer consisted of three independent members as required by Nasdaq Listing Rule 5605(c)(2)(A).

 

On December 8, 2021, the Company received a letter from Nasdaq noting that the Company no longer complied with the requirement of Listing Rule 5605. The letter also acknowledged that the Listing Rules provide a cure period in order for the Company to regain compliance until the earlier of the Company’s next annual meeting of stockholders or November 23, 2022.

 

On June 9, 2022, the Board of Directors appointed Mr. Joon Kim, an incumbent independent director, to the Audit Committee. On June 13, 2022, Nasdaq confirmed that the Company had regained compliance under Listing Rule 5605.

 

27

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

Unless the context indicates otherwise, all references to “OncoSec,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” in this report refer to OncoSec Medical Incorporated and its consolidated subsidiary. The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in this report.

 

This discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is not a complete description of our business or the risks associated with an investment in our common stock. As a result, this discussion and analysis should be read together with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included in this report, as well as the other disclosures in this report and in the other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended July 31, 2021 filed with the SEC on October 29, 2021 (the “Annual Report”). Pursuant to Instruction 2 to paragraph (b) of Item 303 of Regulation S-K promulgated by the SEC, in preparing this discussion and analysis, we have presumed that readers have access to and have read the discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations included in the Annual Report.

 

This discussion and analysis and the other disclosures in this report contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or Exchange Act. Forward-looking statements relate to future events or circumstances or our future performance and are based on our current assumptions, expectations and beliefs about future developments and their potential effect on our business. All statements in this report that are not statements of historical fact could be forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements in this discussion and analysis and elsewhere in this report include statements about, among other things, the status, progress and results of our clinical programs and our expectations regarding our liquidity and performance, including our expense levels, and the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Forward-looking statements are only predictions and are not guarantees of future performance, and they are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the risks described under the heading “Risk Factors” herein and in Part I, Item IA of the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and similar discussions contained in the other documents we file from time to time with the SEC. In light of these risks, uncertainties and other factors, the forward-looking events and circumstances described in this report may not occur and our results, levels of activity, performance or achievements could differ materially from those expressed in or implied by any forward-looking statements we make. As a result, you should not place undue reliance on any of our forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and unless required to by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement for any reason, including to reflect new information, future developments, actual results or changes in our expectations.

 

Overview

 

We are a late-stage immuno-oncology company focused on designing, developing and commercializing innovative, proprietary, intra-tumoral DNA-based therapeutics to stimulate and to augment anti-tumor immune responses for the treatment of cancers. Our core technology platform ImmunoPulse® is a drug-device therapeutic modality platform comprised of proprietary intratumoral electroporation (“EP”) delivery devices (the “OMS EP Device”) and a proprietary DNA plasmid that triggers transient expression of target protein in cells. The OMS EP Device is designed to deliver plasmid DNA-encoded drugs directly into a solid tumor and promote an immunological response against the cancer. The OMS EP Device can be adapted to treat different tumor types, and consists of an electrical pulse generator, a reusable handle and disposable applicators. Our lead product candidate is a DNA-encoded interleukin-12 (“IL-12”) called tavokinogene telseplasmid (“TAVO™”). The OMS EP Device is used to deliver TAVO™ intratumorally, with the aim of reversing the immunosuppressive microenvironment in the treated tumor. The activation of the appropriate inflammatory response can drive a systemic anti-tumor response against untreated tumors in other parts of the body. In 2017, we received Fast Track Designation and Orphan Drug Designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for TAVO™ in metastatic melanoma, which could qualify TAVO™ for expedited FDA review, a rolling Biologics License Application review and certain other benefits.

 

Our current focus is to pursue our study of TAVO™ in combination with KEYTRUDA® (pembrolizumab) in melanoma and triple negative breast cancer.

 

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Performance Outlook

 

We expect to use our available working capital in the near term primarily for the advancement of our existing and planned clinical programs, including performance of the KEYNOTE-695 and KEYNOTE-890 studies and, to a lesser extent, the continuation of our other clinical trials and studies. We anticipate our spending on clinical programs and the development of our next-generation OMS EP Device will continue throughout our current fiscal year, primarily in support of the KEYNOTE-695 and KEYNOTE-890 studies, while our spending on research and development programs will be prioritized, based on our focus on the KEYNOTE-695 and KEYNOTE-890 studies. We expect our cash-based general and administrative expenses to remain relatively flat in the near term, as we seek to continue to leverage internal resources and automate processes to decrease our outside services expenses. See “Results of Operations” below for more information.

 

COVID-19

 

Our operational and financial performance have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Our clinical trials have experienced delays in patient enrollment, potentially due to prioritization of hospital resources toward the COVID-19 pandemic or concerns among patients about participating in clinical trials during a public health emergency. The COVID-19 pandemic is also affecting the operations of government entities, such as the FDA, as well as contract research organizations, third-party manufacturers, and other third-parties upon whom we rely. The extent of the impact on our operations cannot be ascertained at this time.

 

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended April 30, 2022 Compared to the Three Months Ended April 30, 2021

 

The unaudited financial data for the three months ended April 30, 2022 and 2021 is presented in the following table and the results of these two periods are included in the discussion thereafter.

 

 

  

April 30,

2022

  

April 30,

2021

  

$

Change

  

%

Change

 
Revenue  $-   $-   $-    - 
Expenses                    
Research and development   7,030,607    7,589,779    (559,172)   (7)
General and administrative   2,517,105    2,847,151    (330,046)   (12)
Loss from operations   (9,547,712)   (10,436,930)   889,218    (9)
Gain on extinguishment of debt   -    960,790    (960,790)   (100)
Other income, net   2,182    1,723    459    27 
Interest expense   (2,701)   (1,732)   (969)   56 
Foreign currency exchange gain (loss), net   (36,191)   35,365    (71,556)   (202)
Loss before income taxes   (9,584,422)   (9,440,784)   (143,638)   2 
Income tax (benefit) expense   (3,337,117)   1,542    (3,338,659)   (216,515)
Net loss  $(6,247,305)  $(9,442,326)  $3,195,021    (34)

 

Revenue

 

We have not generated any revenue since our inception, and we do not anticipate generating revenue in the near term.

 

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Research and Development Expenses

 

Our research and development expenses decreased by approximately $0.6 million, from $7.6 million during the three months ended April 30, 2021 to $7.0 million during the three months ended April 30, 2022. This decrease was primarily due to: (i) a $0.8 million decrease in clinical trial related costs to support our various clinical studies and costs for discovery research and product development and (ii) a $0.2 million decrease in stock-based compensation to employees and consultants. These decreases were partially offset by a $0.4 million increase in payroll and related benefit expenses, primarily due to bonuses awarded during the three months ended April 30, 2022, while no bonuses were awarded during the three months ended April 30, 2021.

 

General and Administrative

 

Our general and administrative expenses decreased by $0.3 million, from $2.8 million during the three months ended April 30, 2021, to $2.5 million during the three months ended April 30, 2022. This decrease was largely due to the following: (i) a $0.5 million decrease in stock-based compensation to employees and consultants, and (ii) a $0.3 million decrease in consulting expenses. These decreases were partially offset by a $0.2 million increase in payroll and related benefit expenses primarily due to bonuses awarded during the three months ended April 30, 2022, while no bonuses were awarded during the three months ended April 30, 2021, and a $0.2 million increase in insurance costs related to increased D&O insurance premiums.

 

Gain on Extinguishment of Debt

 

Gain on extinguishment of debt decreased by approximately $1.0 million, from $1.0 million for the three months ended April 30, 2021 to $0 for the three months ended April 30, 2022. During the three months ended April 30, 2021, the loan under the Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”) under the CARES Act was forgiven, which resulted in a gain on extinguishment of debt of approximately $1.0 million.

 

Foreign Currency Exchange Gain (Loss), Net

 

Foreign currency exchange gain (loss), net, decreased by approximately $0.07 million from a $0.04 million gain during the three months ended April 30, 2021 to a $0.04 million loss for the three months ended April 30, 2022. This decrease was primarily due to unrealized foreign currency transaction loss recognized in connection with our Australian subsidiary’s intercompany loan.

 

Income Tax (Benefit) Expense

 

In April 2022, the Company received $3.3 million in net proceeds from the sale of its New Jersey Net Operating Losses (“NOL”) under the State of New Jersey NOL Transfer Program. In 2021, the net proceeds from the sale of its New Jersey NOLs under the State of New Jersey NOL Transfer Program were received in June.

 

30

 

 

Results of Operations for the Nine Months Ended April 30, 2022 Compared to the Nine Months Ended April 30, 2021

 

The unaudited financial data for the nine months ended April 30, 2022 and April 30, 2021 is presented in the following table and the results of these two periods are included in the discussion thereafter.

 

  

April 30,

2022

  

April 30,

2021

  

$

Change

  

%

Change

 
Revenue  $-   $-   $-    - 
Expenses                    
Research and development   20,501,917    26,304,520    (5,802,603)   (22)
General and administrative   8,377,722    8,198,580    179,142    2 
Loss from operations   (28,879,639)   (34,503,100)   5,623,461    (16)
Gain on extinguishment of debt   -    960,790    (960,790)   (100)
Other income (expense), net   (2,412)   660    (3,072)   (465)
Interest expense   (16,128)   (12,587)   (3,541)   28 
Foreign currency exchange gain (loss), net   (399,338)   187,039    (586,377)   (314)
Loss before income taxes   (29,297,517)   (33,367,198)   4,069,681    (12)
Income tax expense   (3,334,167)   4,492    (3,338,659)   (74,325)
Net loss  $(25,963,350)  $(33,371,690)  $7,408,340    (22)

 

Revenue

 

We have not generated any revenue since our inception, and we do not anticipate generating revenue in the near term.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Our research and development expenses decreased by approximately $5.8 million, from $26.3 million during the nine months ended April 30, 2021 to $20.5 million during the nine months ended April 30, 2022. This decrease was primarily due to the following: (i) a $5.0 million decrease in clinical trial-related costs to support our various clinical studies and costs for discovery research and product development, and (ii) a $0.9 million decrease in stock-based compensation expense to employees and consultants, as there was an accelerated vesting of options during the nine months ended April 30, 2021 that was not repeated during the nine months ended April 30, 2022.

 

General and Administrative

 

Our general and administrative expenses increased by approximately $0.2 million, from $8.2 million during the nine months ended April 30, 2021, to $8.4 million during the nine months ended April 30, 2022. This increase was largely due to the following: (i) a $0.9 million increase in legal costs, primarily related to $1 million in insurance recoveries received in connection with prior litigation with Alpha Holdings, Inc. in the prior period, (ii) a $0.6 million increase in insurance costs related to increased D&O insurance premiums, and (iii) a $0.2 million increase in director fees paid to the members of the Leadership Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors. These increases were partially offset by a $1.4 million decrease in stock-based compensation expense to employees and consultants, as there was an accelerated vesting of options during the nine months ended April 30, 2021 that was not repeated during the nine months ended April 30, 2022.

 

Gain on Extinguishment of Debt

 

Gain on extinguishment of debt decreased by approximately $1.0 million, from $1.0 million for the nine months ended April 30, 2021 to $0 for the nine months ended April 30, 2022. During the nine months ended April 30, 2021, the PPP loan was forgiven, which resulted in a gain on extinguishment of debt of approximately $1.0 million.

 

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Foreign Currency Exchange Gain (Loss), Net

 

Foreign currency exchange gain (loss), net, decreased by approximately $0.6 million from a $0.2 million gain during the nine months ended April 30, 2021 to a $0.4 million loss for the nine months ended April 30, 2022. This decrease was primarily due to unrealized foreign currency transaction loss recognized in connection with the Australian subsidiary’s intercompany loan.

 

Income Tax (Benefit) Expense

 

In April 2022, the Company received $3.3 million in net proceeds from the sale of its NOL under the State of New Jersey NOL Transfer Program. In 2021, the net proceeds from the sale of its New Jersey NOLs under the State of New Jersey NOL Transfer Program were received in June.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Working Capital

 

The following table and subsequent discussion summarize our working capital as of each of the periods presented:

 

  

At

April 30, 2022

  

At

July 31, 2021

 
Current assets  $21,135,929   $49,179,424 
Current liabilities   4,686,904    7,961,916 
Working capital  $16,449,025   $41,217,508 

 

Current Assets

 

Current assets as of April 30, 2022 decreased by $28.1 million to $21.1 million, from $49.2 million as of July 31, 2021. This decrease was primarily related to the decrease of cash in the amount of $26.5 million and the decrease of prepaid insurance in the amount of $1.1 million. The decrease in cash was due to cash used to support our operations during the nine months ended April 30, 2022. The decrease in prepaid insurance was due to amortization of the prepaid director and officer policy.

 

Current Liabilities

 

Current liabilities as of April 30, 2022 decreased by $3.3 million to $4.7 million, from $8.0 million as of July 31, 2021. This decrease was primarily due to a decrease in accounts payable and accrued expenses pertaining to our manufacturing and clinical research activities.

 

Cash Flow

 

Cash Used in Operating Activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities for the nine months ended April 30, 2022 was $25.2 million, as compared to $33.4 million for the nine months ended April 30, 2021. The $8.2 million decrease in cash used in operating activities was primarily attributable to a decrease in cash used to support our operating activities, including but not limited to, our clinical trials, research and development activities and general working capital requirements.

 

Cash Used in Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities for the nine months ended April 30, 2022 was $0.2 million, as compared to $0.8 million for the nine months ended April 30, 2021. During the nine months ended April 30, 2022, the Company purchased fixed assets for use in its clinical trials. During the nine months ended April 30, 2021, the Company licensed generator technology and purchased property and equipment for use in its clinical trials and other research and development efforts.

 

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Cash (Used in) Provided by Financing Activities

 

Net cash used in financing activities was $0.9 million for the nine months ended April 30, 2022, as compared to $68.2 million cash provided by financing activities for the nine months ended April 30, 2021. Net cash used in financing activities during the nine months ended April 30, 2022 was primarily attributable to payments on a note payable. Net proceeds during the nine months ended April 30, 2021 was primarily attributable to the $52.6 million net proceeds received from the August 2020 and January 2021 offerings, $5.0 million received from the co-promotion agreement with Sirtex, $5.3 million received from warrant and option exercises and $5.8 million from the purchase of shares under the CGP and Sirtex stock purchase agreements originally entered into on October 10, 2019.

 

Uses of Cash and Cash Requirements

 

Our primary uses of cash have been to finance clinical and research and development activities focused on the identification and discovery of new potential product candidates, the development of innovative and proprietary medical approaches for the treatment of cancer, and the design and advancement of pre-clinical and clinical trials and studies related to our pipeline of product candidates. We also use our capital resources on general and administrative activities and building and strengthening our corporate infrastructure, programs and procedures to enable compliance with applicable federal, state and local laws and regulations.

 

Our primary objectives for the next 12 months are to continue the advancement of our KEYNOTE-695 and KEYNOTE-890 studies and, to a lesser extent, our other ongoing clinical trials and studies, and to continue our research and development activities for our next-generation EP device and drug discovery efforts. In addition, we expect to pursue capital-raising transactions, which could include equity or debt financings, in the near term to fund our existing and planned operations and acquire and develop additional assets and technology consistent with our business objectives as opportunities arise.

 

Going Concern and Management’s Plans

 

The Company has sustained losses in all reporting periods since inception, with an accumulated deficit of approximately $277.7 million as of April 30, 2022. These losses are expected to continue for an extended period of time. Further, the Company has never generated any cash from its operations and does not expect to generate any cash in the near term. The aforementioned factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year from the issuance date of the condensed consolidated financial statements. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of asset amounts or the classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern within one year after the date the condensed consolidated financial statements are issued.

 

As of June 1, 2022, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $17.3 million. Since inception, cash flows from financing activities has been the primary source of the Company’s liquidity. Based on its current cash levels, the Company believes its cash resources are insufficient to meet the Company’s anticipated needs for the 12 months following the date the condensed consolidated financial statements are issued.

 

The Company recognizes it will need to raise additional capital to continue operating its business and fund its planned operations, including research and development, clinical trials and, if regulatory approval is obtained, commercialization of its product candidates. In addition, the Company will require additional financing if it desires to in-license or acquire new assets, research and develop new compounds or new technologies and pursue related patent protection, or obtain any other intellectual property rights or other assets. There is no assurance that additional financing will be available to the Company when needed, that management will be able to obtain financing on terms acceptable to the Company, or whether the Company will become profitable and generate positive operating cash flow. The source, timing and availability of any future financing will depend principally upon market conditions, and, more specifically, on the progress of our clinical development programs. Similarly, if our common stock is delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market, it may limit our ability to raise additional funds. See “Nasdaq Deficiency Notice” below. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has also caused volatility in the global financial markets and threatened a slowdown in the global economy, which may negatively affect our ability to raise additional capital on attractive terms or at all. If the Company is unable to raise sufficient additional funds when needed, on favorable terms or at all, the Company will not be able to continue the development of its product candidates as currently planned or at all, will need to reevaluate its planned operations and may need to delay, scale back or eliminate some or all of its development programs, reduce expenses or cease operations, any of which would have a significant negative impact on its prospects and financial condition.

 

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Sources of Capital

 

We have not generated any revenue since our inception, and we do not anticipate generating revenue in the near term. Historically, we have raised the majority of the funding for our business through offerings of our common stock and warrants to purchase our common stock. If we issue equity or convertible debt securities to raise additional funds, our existing stockholders would experience further dilution, and the new equity or debt securities may have rights, preferences and privileges senior to those of our existing stockholders. If we incur debt, our fixed payment obligations, liabilities and leverage relative to our equity capitalization would increase, which could increase the cost of future capital. Further, the terms of any debt securities we issue or borrowings we incur, if available, could impose significant restrictions on our operations, such as limitations on our ability to incur additional debt or issue additional equity or other operating restrictions that could adversely affect our ability to conduct our business, and any such debt could be secured by any or all of our assets pledged as collateral. Additionally, we may incur substantial costs in pursuing future capital, including investment banking, legal and accounting fees, printing and distribution expenses and other costs.

 

Nasdaq Deficiency Notice

 

On June 2, 2022, we received notice (the “Notice”) from the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”) that the Company is not in compliance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2), as the minimum bid price of our common stock had been below $1.00 per share for 30 consecutive business days as of the date of the Notice. The Notice has no immediate effect on the listing of our common stock, which will continue to trade at this time on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “ONCS.”

 

In accordance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A), we have a period of 180 calendar days, or until November 29, 2022, to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement. To regain compliance, the closing bid price of our common stock must meet or exceed $1.00 per share for at least ten consecutive business days during this 180 calendar day period. In the event we do not regain compliance by November 29, 2022, we may be eligible for an additional 180 calendar day grace period if the Company meets the continued listing requirement for market value of publicly held shares ($1 million) and all other initial listing standards for the Nasdaq Capital Market, with the exception of the minimum bid price, and we provide written notice to Nasdaq of our intention to cure the deficiency during the second compliance period by effecting a reverse stock split, if necessary. If we do not regain compliance within the allotted compliance period(s), Nasdaq will provide notice that our common stock will be subject to delisting from the Nasdaq Capital Market. In that event, we may appeal such delisting determination to a hearings panel.

 

We are currently evaluating our alternatives to resolve the listing deficiency. To the extent that we are unable to resolve the listing deficiency, there is a risk that our common stock may be delisted from Nasdaq, which would adversely impact liquidity of our common stock and potentially result in even lower bid prices for our common stock.

 

On November 29, 2021, we notified Nasdaq that Robert E. Ward had resigned as a member of the Board of Directors and the Company’s Audit Committee, as disclosed on our Current Report filed on Form 8-K on November 30, 2021. After giving effect to Mr. Ward’s resignation, the Company’s Audit Committee no longer consisted of three independent members as required by Nasdaq Listing Rule 5605(c)(2)(A).

 

On December 8, 2021, we received a letter from Nasdaq noting that we no longer complied with the requirement of Listing Rule 5605. The letter also acknowledged that the Listing Rules provide a cure period in order for us to regain compliance until the earlier of our next annual meeting of stockholders or November 23, 2022.

 

On June 9, 2022, the Board of Directors appointed Mr. Joon Kim, an incumbent independent director, to the Audit Committee. On June 13, 2022, Nasdaq confirmed that we had regained compliance under Listing Rule 5605.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Use of Estimates

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”), which requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. Such estimates include the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern and certain calculations related to that determination, stock-based compensation, the accrual of research, product development and clinical obligations, impairment of long-lived assets, determining the Incremental Borrowing Rate for calculating Right-Of-Use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities and accounting for income taxes, including the related valuation allowance on the deferred tax asset and uncertain tax positions. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that it believes are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. On an ongoing basis, the Company reviews its estimates to ensure that they appropriately reflect changes in the business or as new information becomes available. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

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Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company periodically assesses the carrying value of intangible and other long-lived assets, and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset might not be recoverable. The assets are considered to be impaired if the Company determines that the carrying value may not be recoverable based upon its assessment, which includes consideration of the following events or changes in circumstances:

 

  the asset’s ability to continue to generate income from operations and positive cash flow in future periods;
     
  loss of legal ownership or title to the asset(s);
     
  significant changes in the Company’s strategic business objectives and utilization of the asset(s); and
     
  the impact of significant negative industry or economic trends.

 

If the assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment recognized is the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Fair value is determined by the application of discounted cash flow models to project cash flows from the assets. In addition, the Company bases estimates of the useful lives and related amortization or depreciation expense on its subjective estimate of the period the assets will generate revenue or otherwise be used by it. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value, less selling costs. The Company also periodically reviews the lives assigned to long-lived assets to ensure that the initial estimates do not exceed any revised estimated periods from which the Company expects to realize cash flows from its assets.

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development expenses consist of costs incurred for internal projects, as well as partner-funded collaborative research and development activities. These costs include direct and research-related overhead expenses, which include salaries, stock-based compensation and other personnel-related expenses, facility costs, supplies, depreciation of facilities and laboratory equipment, as well as research consultants and the cost of funding research at universities and other research institutions, and are expensed as incurred. Costs to acquire technologies that are utilized in research and development that have no alternative future use, are expensed when incurred. In accordance with ASC 730-20, the Company accounts for upfront, non-refundable research and development payments received from a related party as a long-term liability as there has not been a substantive and genuine transfer of risk and there is a presumption that the Company is obligated to repay the related party.

 

Accruals for Research and Development Expenses and Clinical Trials

 

The Company is required to estimate its expenses resulting from its obligations under contracts with vendors, clinical research organizations and consultants and under clinical site agreements in connection with conducting clinical trials. The financial terms of these contracts vary from contract to contract and may result in payment terms that do not match the periods over which materials or services are provided under such contracts. The Company accounts for these expenses in its financial statements by matching those expenses with the period in which services are performed and efforts are expended. The Company determines accrual estimates through financial models and takes into account discussion with applicable personnel and outside service providers as to the progress of clinical trials, or the services completed. The Company makes estimates of its accrued expenses as of each balance sheet date based on the facts and circumstances known to it at that time. The Company’s clinical trial accruals are dependent upon the timely and accurate reporting of contract research organizations and other third-party vendors. During the course of a clinical trial, the Company adjusts its clinical expense recognition if actual results differ from its estimates.

 

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Equity-Based Awards

 

The Company grants equity-based awards (typically stock options or restricted stock units) under our stock-based compensation plan and outside of our stock-based compensation plan, with terms generally similar to the terms under our stock-based compensation plan. The Company estimates the fair value of stock option awards using the Black-Scholes option valuation model. For employees, directors and consultants, the fair value of the award is measured on the grant date. The fair value amount is then recognized over the period during which services are required to be provided in exchange for the award, usually the vesting period. The Black-Scholes option valuation model requires the input of subjective assumptions, including price volatility of the underlying stock, risk-free interest rate, dividend yield, and expected life of the option. The Company estimates the fair value of restricted stock unit awards based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of issuance.

 

Australia Research and Development Tax Credit

 

Our Australian, wholly-owned, subsidiary incurs research and development expenses, primarily in the course of conducting clinical trials. The Australian research and development activities qualify for the Australian government’s tax credit program, which provides a 43.5% credit for qualifying research and development expenses. The tax credit does not depend on our generation of future taxable income or ongoing tax status or position. Accordingly, the credit is not considered an element of income tax accounting under ASC 740 and is recorded against qualifying research and development expenses in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

Leases

 

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating lease ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset during the lease term, and operating lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating leases are included in ROU assets, current operating lease liabilities, and long-term operating lease liabilities on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Lease ROU assets and lease liabilities are initially recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date calculated using our incremental borrowing rate applicable to the lease asset, unless the implicit rate is readily determinable. ROU assets also include any lease payments made at or before lease commencement and exclude any lease incentives received. The Company’s lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. Leases with a term of 12 months or less are not recognized on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The Company’s leases do not contain any residual value guarantees. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company accounts for lease and non-lease components as a single lease component for all its leases.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Information regarding recent accounting pronouncements is contained in Note 2 to our condensed consolidated financial statements included in this report.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

 

Not applicable.

 

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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures reflects the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

 

As required by Rule 13a-15(b) under the Exchange Act, our management, under the supervision and with the participation of our Principal Executive Officer and our Principal Financial Officer, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of April 30, 2022. Based on such evaluation, our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer concluded that, as of April 30, 2022, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during our fiscal quarter ended April 30, 2022 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

From time to time, we are involved in legal proceedings in the ordinary course of our business. Refer to Note 9: Commitments and Contingencies for more information on legal proceedings.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

 

There have been no material changes in our risk factors from those disclosed in Part I, Item 1A to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2021, except as noted below. The risk factors disclosed in Part I, Item 1A to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2021, in addition to the other information set forth in this report, could materially affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

 

If our stock price continues to remain below $1.00, our common stock may be subject to delisting from The Nasdaq Stock Market, which would materially reduce the liquidity of our common stock and have an adverse effect on our market price.

 

On June 2, 2022, we received Notice (the “Notice”) from Nasdaq that the Company is not in compliance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2), as the minimum bid price of our common stock has been below $1.00 per share for 30 consecutive business days. The Notice has no immediate effect on the listing of our common stock, which will continue to trade at this time on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “ONCS.”

 

In accordance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A), we have a period of 180 calendar days, or until November 29, 2022, to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement. To regain compliance, the closing bid price of our common stock must meet or exceed $1.00 per share for at least ten consecutive business days during this 180 calendar day period. In the event we do not regain compliance by November 29, 2022, we may be eligible for an additional 180 calendar day grace period if the Company meets the continued listing requirement for market value of publicly held shares ($1 million) and all other initial listing standards for the Nasdaq Capital Market, with the exception of the minimum bid price, and we provide written notice to Nasdaq of our intention to cure the deficiency during the second compliance period by effecting a reverse stock split, if necessary. If we do not regain compliance within the allotted compliance period(s), Nasdaq will provide notice that our common stock will be subject to delisting from the Nasdaq Capital Market. In that event, we may appeal such delisting determination to a hearings panel.

 

We are currently evaluating our alternatives to resolve the listing deficiency. To the extent that we are unable to resolve the listing deficiency, there is a risk that our common stock may be delisted from Nasdaq, which would adversely impact liquidity of our common stock, potentially result in even lower bid prices for our common stock, and make it more difficult for us to obtain financing through the sale of our common stock.

 

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ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

 

None.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION.

 

None.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS.

 

The following exhibits are either filed or furnished with this report:

 

10.1   Offer Letter between OncoSec Medical Incorporated and George Chi, dated January 28, 2022 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of our Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on February 22, 2022).
     
10.2   Executive Employment Agreement between OncoSec Medical Incorporated and Robert H. Arch, dated April 28, 2022 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of our Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on April 29, 2022).
     
31.1*   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
     
31.2*   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
     
32.1**   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
32.2**   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
101.INS*   Inline XBRL Instant Document
     
101.SCH*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE*   Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
     
104*   Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document in Exhibit 101)

 

* Filed herewith.

** Furnished herewith.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

ONCOSEC MEDICAL INCORPORATED  
   
By: /s/ Robert H. Arch, Ph.D.  
  Robert H. Arch, Ph.D.  
  President and Chief Executive Officer  
  (Principal Executive Officer)  
     
Dated: June 14, 2022  
   
By: /s/ George Chi  
  George Chi  
  Chief Financial Officer  
  (Principal Financial Officer)  
     
Dated: June 14, 2022  

 

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