Quarterly report pursuant to sections 13 or 15(d)

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
6 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2013
Fair Value of Financial Instruments  
Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Note 4Fair Value of Financial Instruments


Financial assets and liabilities are measured at fair value, which is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The following is a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value:


·Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.


·Level 2 — Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.


·Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.


In conjunction with the June 2011 Private Placement, the Company issued warrants with derivative features. These instruments, the Series A and Series C Warrants, were accounted for as derivative liabilities (see Note 7).


The Company used Level 3 inputs for its valuation methodology for the warrant derivative liabilities. The estimated fair values were determined using a Monte Carlo option pricing model based on various assumptions (see Note 7). The Company’s derivative liabilities are adjusted to reflect estimated fair value at each period end, with any decrease or increase in the estimated fair value being recorded in other income or expense accordingly, as adjustments to fair value of derivative liabilities.


On February 21, 2012, Series C Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 4,000,000 shares of the Company’s stock expired unexercised.  On March 28, 2012, the Series A Warrants were reclassified to equity, following the reset of the exercise price to the base floor price of $0.50 per warrant share and an evaluation of the instrument’s settlement provisions which were determined to be fixed-for-fixed (see Note 7).


During the three months ended January 31, 2012, the estimated fair value of derivative liabilities increased by $1,397,967 and was recorded as other expense during the period.  During the six months ended January 31, 2012, the estimated fair value of derivative liabilities decreased by $2,579,451 and was recorded as other income during the period.