Quarterly report pursuant to sections 13 or 15(d)

Significant Accounting Policies

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Significant Accounting Policies
6 Months Ended
Jan. 31, 2012
Significant Accounting Policies  
Significant Accounting Policies

Note 2—Significant Accounting Policies

 

Financial Instruments

 

The carrying amounts for cash, prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate fair value due to their short-term nature, generally less than three months.  The carrying amounts of our short-term and long-term acquisition obligation outstanding approximate their fair value based upon current rates and terms available to us for similar activity.  It is management’s opinion that the Company is not exposed to significant interest, currency, or credit risks arising from its other financial instruments and that their fair values approximate their carrying values except where separately disclosed.

 

Derivative Liabilities

 

The Company accounts for its warrants and other derivative financial instruments as either equity or liabilities based upon the characteristics and provisions of each instrument. Warrants classified as equity are recorded at fair value as of the date of issuance on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets and no further adjustments to their valuation are made. During the year ended July 31, 2011, some of the Company’s warrants that were issued in conjunction with the June Private Placement (see Note 7) were determined to be ineligible for equity classification because of anti-dilution provisions that may result in an adjustment to their exercise price. Warrants classified as derivative liabilities and other derivative financial instruments that require separate accounting as liabilities are recorded on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets at their fair value on the date of issuance and will be revalued on each subsequent balance sheet date until such instruments are exercised or expire, with any changes in the fair value between reporting periods recorded as other income or expense. Management estimates the fair value of these liabilities using option pricing models and assumptions that are based on the individual characteristics of the warrants or instruments on the valuation date, as well as assumptions for future financings, expected volatility, expected life, yield, and risk-free interest rate.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts in the consolidated financial statements and disclosures made in the accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.  Actual results could differ materially from the estimates.

 

Property and Equipment

 

The cost of property and equipment is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. The useful lives of property and equipment for the purpose of computing depreciation are:

 

Computers and Equipment

 

3 to 5 years

Computer Software

 

1 to 3 years

Leasehold Improvements

 

1 year

 

Total depreciation expense recorded for the three and six months ended January 31, 2012 was approximately $8,300 and $16,100, respectively.  No depreciation expense was recorded for the three and six months ended January 31, 2011.

 

Net Income (Loss) Per Share

 

The Company computes basic net income (loss) per common share by dividing the applicable net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the respective period. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, plus the dilutive effect of potential future issuances of common stock relating to stock options and other potentially dilutive securities using the treasury stock method. In calculating diluted earnings per share, the dilutive effect of stock options is computed using the average market price for the respective period. In addition, the assumed proceeds under the treasury stock method include the average unrecognized compensation expense of stock options that are in-the-money. This results in the “assumed” buyback of additional shares, thereby reducing the dilutive impact of stock options.  The Company determined 865,000 shares underlying all stock options issued and outstanding during the six months ended January 31, 2012 were dilutive.  The Company determined there were no dilutive shares underlying stock options issued and outstanding during the three months ended January 31, 2012. The Company did not include shares underlying warrants outstanding of 14,696,000 in the computation of net income (loss) per share for the three and six months ended January 31, 2012, as the effect would have been anti-dilutive.

 

Stock Options to Non-Employees

 

Expense for stock options granted to non-employees have been determined using the estimated fair value of the stock options issued, based on the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model.  Such options are revalued quarterly until fully vested, with any change in fair value expensed.  During the three and six months ended January 31, 2012, the Company recorded $11,709 in research and development expense, and $25,262 in general and administrative expense for stock options granted to non-employees.

 

Comprehensive Income

 

Comprehensive income or loss includes all changes in equity except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners.  The Company did not have any items of comprehensive income or loss other than net income (loss) from operations for the three and six months ended January 31, 2012 and 2011, or for the period from inception through January 31, 2012.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2011-04. This newly issued accounting standard clarifies the application of certain existing fair value measurement guidance and expands the disclosures for fair value measurements that are estimated using significant unobservable inputs. This guidance is effective on a prospective basis for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company does not expect that adoption of this standard will have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.

 

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-05. This newly issued accounting standard (1) eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders’ equity; (2) requires the consecutive presentation of the statement of net income and other comprehensive income; and (3) requires an entity to present reclassification adjustments on the face of the financial statements from other comprehensive income to net income. The amendments do not change the items that must be reported in other comprehensive income or when an item of other comprehensive income must be reclassified to net income nor do the amendments affect how earnings per share is calculated or presented. This guidance is required to be applied retrospectively and is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have an impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

 

In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-12.  This accounting standard amends certain pending paragraphs in ASU 2011-05. The amendments are being made to allow the Board time to re-deliberate whether to present on the face of the financial statements the effects of reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income on the components of net income and other comprehensive income for all periods presented.  This guidance is effective on a prospective basis for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company does not expect that adoption of this standard will have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.