Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Stock-Based Compensation

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Stock-Based Compensation
3 Months Ended
Oct. 31, 2019
Share-based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]  
Stock-Based Compensation

Note 7—Stock-Based Compensation

 

The OncoSec Medical Incorporated 2011 Stock Incentive Plan (as amended and approved by the Company’s stockholders (the “2011 Plan”)), authorizes the Company’s Board of Directors to grant equity awards, including stock options and restricted stock units, to employees, directors and consultants. The 2011 Plan authorizes a total of 750,000 shares for issuance thereunder, and includes an automatic increase of the number of shares of common stock reserved thereunder on the first business day of each calendar year by the lesser of: (i) 3% of the shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding as of the last day of the immediately preceding calendar year; (ii) 100,000 shares; or (iii) such lesser number of shares as determined by the Company’s Board of Directors. As of October 31, 2019, there were an aggregate of 950,000 shares of the Company’s common stock authorized for issuance pursuant to awards granted under the 2011 Plan. The 2011 Plan allows for an annual fiscal year per individual grant of up to 50,000 shares of its common stock. Under the 2011 Plan, incentive stock options are to be granted at a price that is no less than 100% of the fair value of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant. Stock options vest over a period specified in the individual option agreements entered into with grantees, and are exercisable for a maximum period of 10 years after the date of grant. Stock options granted to stockholders who own more than 10% of the outstanding stock of the Company at the time of grant must be issued at an exercise price of no less than 110% of the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.

 

Modification of Award

 

On October 2, 2019, the Company entered into an amendment to a consulting agreement with a consulting firm. Prior to the amendment the Company was required to issue 3,000 restricted common shares monthly for services through July 2, 2020. As per the terms of the amended agreement, starting October 2, 2019, the Company will be required to issue 15,000 shares of restricted common stock monthly for services through July 2, 2020. Upon modification, it is required under ASC 718 to analyze the fair value of the instruments, before and after the modification, recognizing additional compensation cost for any incremental value. The Company computed the fair value of the award prior to the amendment and compared the fair value to that of the modified award. The incremental compensation cost of approximately $0.2 million resulting from the modification will be recognized ratably over the remaining term of the consulting agreement.

 

Stock Options

 

During the three months ended October 31, 2019, the Company granted options to purchase 4,900 shares of its common stock to employees under the 2011 Plan. The stock options issued to employees have a ten-year term, vest over three years, and have exercise prices ranging from $1.89 to $2.21.

 

During the three months ended October 31, 2018, the Company granted options to purchase 11,100 shares of its common stock to employees under the 2011 Plan. The stock options issued to employees have a ten-year term, vest over three years, and have exercise prices ranging from $13.20 to $15.80.

 

During the three months ended October 31, 2018, the Company granted options to purchase 20,000 and 25,000 shares of its common stock to employees and consultants outside the 2011 Plan. The stock options issued to employees have a ten-year term, vest over three years, and have an exercise price of $16.40. The stock options issued to consultants have ten-year terms, vest in accordance with the terms of the applicable consulting agreement, and have an exercise price of $14.30.

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation based on the fair value of the stock-based awards granted and records forfeitures as they occur. As such, the Company recognizes stock-based compensation cost only for those stock-based awards that vest over their requisite service period, based on the vesting provisions of the individual grants. The service period is generally the vesting period, with the exception of stock options granted pursuant to a consulting agreement, in which case the stock option vesting period and the service period are defined pursuant to the terms of the consulting agreement.

 

The following assumptions were used for the Black-Scholes calculation of the fair value of stock-based compensation related to stock options granted during the periods presented:

 

    Three Months Ended
October 31, 2019
    Three Months Ended
October 31, 2018
 
Expected term (years)     5.00–6.50 years       5.00–6.50 years  
Risk-free interest rate     1.35 – 1.57 %     2.68 – 3.08 %
Volatility     80.93 – 83.66 %     72.88 –81.80  %
Dividend yield     0 %     0 %

 

The Company’s expected volatility is derived from the historical daily change in the market price of its common stock. The Company uses the simplified method to calculate the expected term of options issued to employees, non-employees and directors. The risk-free interest rate used in the Black-Scholes calculation is based on the prevailing U.S. Treasury yield in effect at the time of grant, commensurate with the expected term. For the expected dividend yield used in the Black-Scholes calculation, the Company has never paid any dividends on its common stock and does not anticipate paying dividends on its common stock in the foreseeable future.

 

The following is a summary of the Company’s 2011 Plan and non-Plan stock option activity for the three months ended October 31, 2019:

 

          Weighted  
          Average  
          Exercise  
    Options     Price  
Outstanding - July 31, 2019     921,572     $ 12.63  
Granted     4,900     $ 1.97  
Forfeited/Cancelled     (33,088 )   $ 15.46  
Outstanding – October 31, 2019     893,384     $ 12.47  
Exercisable – October 31, 2019     684,173     $ 13.61  

 

As of October 31, 2019, the total intrinsic value of options outstanding and exercisable was approximately $1,000 and $300, respectively. As of October 31, 2019, the Company has approximately $1.3 million in unrecognized stock-based compensation expense attributable to the outstanding options, which will be amortized over a period of approximately 1.46 years.

 

Stock-based compensation expense recorded in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended October 31, 2019 resulting from stock options awarded to the Company’s employees, directors and consultants was approximately $0.5 million. Of this balance, $0.15 million was recorded to research and development and $0.35 million was recorded in general and administrative in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended October 31, 2019.

 

Stock-based compensation expense recorded in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended October 31, 2018 resulting from stock options awarded to the Company’s employees, directors and consultants was approximately $1.3 million. Of this balance, approximately $0.75 million was recorded to research and development and approximately $0.5 million was recorded in general and administrative in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended October 31, 2018.

 

The weighted-average grant date fair value of stock options granted during the three months ended October 31, 2019 and 2018 was $1.34 and $9.90, respectively.

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

For the three months ended October 31, 2019, the Company recorded $0.1 million in stock-based compensation related to RSUs, which is reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

As of October 31, 2019, there were 66,258 restricted stock units (“RSUs”) outstanding.

 

In October 2018, the Company granted 5,000 RSUs to an employee. The units vest as follows: 1,250 units vested on October 29, 2018, and the remaining 3,750 units vest according to the following vesting schedule: 1,250 units on October 29, 2019, 1,250 units on October 29, 2020 and 1,250 units on October 29, 2021. The closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant was $16.40 per share, which is the fair market value per unit of the RSUs.

 

On October 26, 2018, in accordance with a severance agreement with an employee, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the accelerated vesting of 25% of the outstanding RSUs held by the employee. The RSUs, which originally vest on the third anniversary of the grant date, or March 29, 2020, were accelerated to vest on October 26, 2018. As per ASC 718, on the date of the modification the Company reversed the previously accrued expense on the unvested RSUs of $63,278 and recognized the fair value of the modified grant of $44,250 on the date of the modification.

 

For the three months ended October 31, 2018, the Company recorded $0.15 million in stock-based compensation related to RSUs, which is reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

Shares Issued to Consultants

 

During the three months ended October 31, 2019, 35,687 shares of common stock valued at approximately $0.2 million were issued to consultants for services. The common stock was valued based on the dates the shares were granted. The Company recorded compensation expense relating to the share issuances of approximately $0.2 million during the three months ended October 31, 2019.

 

During the three months ended October 31, 2018, 18,400 shares of common stock valued at approximately $0.25 million were issued to consultants for services. The common stock was valued based on the dates the shares were granted. The Company recorded compensation expense relating to the share issuances of approximately $0.24 million during the three months ended October 31, 2018.

 

2015 Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

Under the Company’s 2015 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”), the Company is authorized to issue 50,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The sixth offering period under the ESPP ended on January 31, 2019, with 1,428 shares purchased and distributed to employees, and the seventh offering period under the ESPP ended on July 31, 2019, with 2,053 shares purchased and distributed to employees. At October 31, 2019, there were 37,608 shares remaining available for issuance under the ESPP.

 

The ESPP is considered a Type B plan under FASB ASC Topic 718 because the number of shares a participant is permitted to purchase is not fixed based on the stock price at the beginning of the offering period and the expected withholdings. The ESPP enables the participant to “buy-up” to the plan’s share limit, if the stock price is lower on the purchase date. As a result, the fair value of the awards granted under the ESPP is calculated at the beginning of each offering period as the sum of:

 

  15% of the share price of an unvested share at the beginning of the offering period,
  85% of the fair market value of a six-month call on the unvested share aforementioned, and
  15% of the fair market value of a six-month put on the unvested share aforementioned.

 

The fair market value of the six-month call and six-month put are based on the Black-Scholes option valuation model. For the six-month offering period ending January 31, 2020, the following assumptions were used: six-month maturity, 2.04% risk free interest, 90.64% volatility, 0% forfeitures and $0 dividends. For the six-month offering period ended January 31, 2019, the following assumptions were used: six-month maturity, 2.22% risk free interest, 61.83% volatility, 0% forfeitures and $0 dividends.

 

Approximately $2,700 and $6,600 was recorded as stock-based compensation during the three months ended October 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Common Stock Reserved for Future Issuance

 

The following table summarizes all common stock reserved for future issuance at October 31, 2019:

 

Common Stock options outstanding (within the 2011 Plan and outside of the terms of the 2011 Plan)     893,384  
Common Stock reserved for restricted stock unit release     66,258  
Common Stock authorized for future grant under the 2011 Plan     131,373  
Common Stock reserved for warrant exercise     3,631,953  
Commons Stock reserved for future ESPP issuance     37,608  
Total common stock reserved for future issuance     4,760,576