Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation
|6 Months Ended|
Jan. 31, 2021
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation||
Note 1—Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation
OncoSec Medical Incorporated (together with its subsidiary, unless the context indicates otherwise, being collectively referred to as the “Company”) began its operations as a biotechnology company in March 2011. The Company has not generated any revenues since its inception. The Company was incorporated in the State of Nevada on February 8, 2008 under the name of Netventory Solutions, Inc. and changed its name in March 2011 when it began operating as a biotechnology company.
The Company is a late-stage biotechnology company focused on designing, developing and commercializing innovative therapies and proprietary medical approaches to stimulate and guide an anti-tumor immune response for the treatment of cancer. Its core technology platform, ImmunoPulse®, is a drug-device therapeutic modality comprised of proprietary intratumoral electroporation (“EP”) delivery devices (the “OncoSec Medical System (“OMS”) Electroporation device” or “OMS EP device”). The OMS EP device is designed to deliver plasmid DNA-encoded drugs directly into a solid tumor and promote an immunological response against cancer. The OMS EP device can be adapted to treat different tumor types, and consists of an electrical pulse generator, a reusable handle and disposable applicators. The Company’s lead product candidate is a DNA-encoded interleukin-12 (“IL-12”) called tavokinogene telseplasmid (“TAVO”). The OMS EP device is used to deliver TAVO intratumorally, with the aim of reversing the immunosuppressive microenvironment in the treated tumor. The activation of the appropriate inflammatory response can drive a systemic anti-tumor response against untreated tumors in other parts of the body. In 2017, the Company received Fast Track designation and Orphan Drug Designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for TAVO in metastatic melanoma, which could qualify TAVO for expedited FDA review, a rolling Biologics License Application (“BLA”) review and certain other benefits.
The Company’s primary focus is to pursue its clinical trials of TAVO in combination with KEYTRUDA® (pembrolizumab) in anti-PD-1 checkpoint refractory metastatic melanoma and metastatic triple negative breast cancer (“TNBC”).
The Company’s KEYNOTE-695 study targets melanoma patients who are anti-PD-1 non-responders. In May 2017, we entered into a clinical trial collaboration and supply agreement with a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc. (“Merck”) in connection with the KEYNOTE-695 study. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, both companies will bear their own costs related to manufacturing and supply of their product, as well as be responsible for their own internal costs. The Company is the study sponsor and is responsible for external costs. The KEYNOTE-695 study is fully enrolled and currently treating patients. This study is a registration-directed, Phase 2b open-label, single-arm, multicenter study in approximately 100 patients of TAVO in combination with KEYTRUDA® (pembrolizumab) in anti-PD-1 checkpoint refractory (either nivolumab or pembrolizumab) metastatic melanoma being conducted in the United States, Canada, Australia and Europe. The Company provided interim preliminary data from this study at the Society of Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) in November 2020. In December 2020, the protocol was amended to include an additional cohort, consisting of patients who progressed on prior treatment of both ipilimumab and nivolumab.
In May 2018, the Company entered into a second clinical trial collaboration and supply agreement with Merck with respect to a Phase 2 study of TAVO in combination with KEYTRUDA® to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination in patients with inoperable locally advanced or metastatic TNBC, who have previously failed at least one systemic chemotherapy or immunotherapy. This study is referred to as KEYNOTE-890, Cohort 1. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, both companies will bear their own costs related to manufacturing and supply of their product, as well as be responsible for their own internal costs. The Company is the study sponsor and is responsible for external costs. The KEYNOTE-890 study, Cohort 1 final patient treatment was completed in December 2020. The Company completed enrollment in fourth quarter 2019 and provided interim preliminary data from this study at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium in December 2019 and December 2020. The study is a Phase 2 open-label, single-arm, multicenter study in the United States and Australia.
In June 2020, the Company amended its second clinical trial collaboration and supply agreement with Merck to include another Phase 2 study of TAVO in combination with KEYTRUDA® plus chemotherapy to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination in patients with inoperable locally advanced or metastatic TNBC. This study is referred to as KEYNOTE-890, Cohort 2. Pursuant to the terms of the amended agreement, both companies will bear their own costs related to manufacturing and supply of their product, as well as be responsible for their own internal costs. The Company is the study sponsor and is responsible for external costs. The KEYNOTE-890, Cohort 2 study began enrolling patients in January of 2021. The Company expects to complete enrollment within fifteen months from the start of enrollment and expects to provide interim preliminary data from this study at a future medical conference. The study is a Phase 2 open-label, single-arm, multicenter study in the United States and Australia.
In August 2020, the Company commenced an investigator-initiated Phase 2 study conducted by the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute and the University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine to evaluate TAVO™ as neoadjuvant treatment (administered before surgery) in combination with intravenous OPDIVO®(nivolumab) in up to 33 patients with operable locally/regionally advanced melanoma. This investigator-initiated Phase 2 study has been designed to evaluate whether the addition of TAVO can increase the anti-tumor response observed with monotherapy OPDIVO®, an anti-PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor, in patients with locally/regionally advanced melanoma prior to surgical resection of tumors. This study began enrolling patients in December of 2020 and is expected to complete enrollment within eighteen months of the start of enrollment.
In November 2020, the Company exclusively licensed rights to the Cliniporator® electroporation gene electrotransfer platform from IGEA Clinical Biophysics. The license encompasses a broad field of use for gene delivery in oncology, including use as part of the Company’s visceral lesion applicator (“VLA”) program. This platform has been used for electrochemotherapy in and outside of Europe in over 200 major oncological centers to treat cutaneous metastatic cancer nodules, including melanoma.
In April 2020, the Company announced that Providence Cancer Institute, a part of Providence St. Joseph Health (“Providence”), is pursuing a first-in-human Phase 1 clinical trial of OncoSec’s novel DNA-encodable, investigational vaccine, CORVax12, which is designed to act as a prophylactic vaccine to prevent COVID-19. CORVax12 consists of the Company’s existing product candidate, TAVO™, in combination with an immunogenic component of the SARS-CoV-2 virus developed by researchers at NIH’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (“NIAID”). Providence investigators filed and received an Investigator-Initiated Investigational New Drug (“IND”) Application; however, at this time, Providence does not intend to continue further enrollment in this study.
In May 2019, the Company commenced an investigator-initiated Phase 1 clinical trial conducted by the University of California San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center (“OMS-131”). This study targets patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma Head & Neck Cancer and is a single-arm open-label clinical trial in which 35 evaluable patients will receive TAVO, KEYTRUDA® and epacadostat. OMS-131 is currently enrolling and treating patients and is expected to complete enrollment within the next eighteen months.
The Company intends to continue to pursue potential new trials and studies related to TAVO, in various tumor types. In addition, the Company is also developing its next-generation EP device and applicator, including advancements toward prototypes, pursuing discovery research to identify other product candidates that, in addition to IL-12, can be encoded into propriety plasmid-DNA and delivered intratumorally using EP. Specifically, we are developing a new, propriety technology to potentially treat liver, lung, bladder, pancreatic and other difficult to treat visceral lesions through the direct delivery of plasmid-based IL-12 with a new VLA.
The new VLA has been designed to work with low voltage EP generators, including but not limited to the Company’s proprietary APOLLOTM EP generator and Cliniporator® to leverage plasmid-optimized EP and enhance the depth of transfection of immunologically relevant genes into cells located in visceral organs. In early 2020, the Company had two poster presentations, one at the Society for Interventional Oncology (“SIO”) and one at the Society for Interventional Radiology, where it presented preclinical data on both the new VLA and APOLLO generator. Additionally, the Company has successfully completed several large animal studies and aim to bring the new VLA into the clinic in 2021. By using the Company’s next-generation technology with the new VLA (and in cutaneous/subcutaneous settings as well), the Company’s goal is to reverse the immunosuppressive mechanisms of a tumor, as well as to expand the Company’s pipeline. The Company believes that the flexibility of the Company’s propriety plasmid-DNA technology allows the Company to deliver other immunologically relevant molecules into the tumor microenvironment in addition to the delivery of plasmid-DNA encoding for IL-12. In June 2020, the Company had two poster presentations at the 2020 America Association for Cancer Research (“AACR”) where the Company presented pre-clinical data regarding its new anti-tumor product candidate, which will amplify the power of intratumoral IL-12 through the addition of both CXCL9, a critical T cell chemokine, and anti-CD3, a membrane bound pan T cell stimulator. These other immunologically relevant molecules may complement IL-12’s activity by limiting or enhancing key pathways associated with tumor immune subversion.
The Company has established a collaboration with Emerge Health Pty (“Emerge”), the leading Australian company providing full registration, reimbursement, sales, marketing and distribution services of therapeutic products in Australia and New Zealand, to commercialize TAVO and made it available under Australia’s Special Access Scheme (“SAS”) early in calendar year 2020. As a specialized Australian pharmaceutical company focused on the marketing and sales of high-quality medicines to the hospital sector, Emerge has previously made numerous other products successfully available under Australia’s SAS.
Unaudited Interim Financial Information
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2021, the condensed consolidated statements of operations, the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss and the condensed consolidated statements of stockholders’ equity for the three and six months ended January 31, 2021 and 2020, and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended January 31, 2021 and 2020, are unaudited, but include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) that the Company considers necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The condensed consolidated results of operations for the three and six months ended January 31, 2021 shown herein are not necessarily indicative of the consolidated results that may be expected for the year ending July 31, 2021, or for any other period. These condensed consolidated financial statements, and notes thereto, should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2020, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Annual Report”) filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on October 28, 2020, as well as the financial information contained in the Company’s Form 10-K/A filed with the SEC on November 30, 2020. The condensed consolidated balance sheet at July 31, 2020 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements.
The entire disclosure for organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef