Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Stockholders' Equity

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Stockholders' Equity
12 Months Ended
Jul. 31, 2018
Equity [Abstract]  
Stockholders' Equity

Note 6—Stockholders’ Equity

 

February 2018 Offering

 

On February 6, 2018, the Company completed a follow-on public offering, selling 13,333,334 shares at an offering price of $1.50 per share. Additionally, the underwriters exercised in full their over-allotment option to purchase an additional 2,000,000 shares at an offering price of $1.50 per share. Aggregate gross proceeds from this follow-on public offering, including the exercise of the over-allotment option, were approximately $23 million, and net proceeds received, after underwriting fees of approximately $1.7 million and offering expenses of approximately $0.5 million, were approximately $20.8 million.

 

November 2017 Warrant Exercise Inducement Offering

 

On November 13, 2017, the Company entered into a warrant exercise agreement with certain holders of outstanding warrants (the “Original Warrants”) to purchase up to an aggregate of 5,509,642 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.69 per share. Pursuant to the terms of the warrant exercise agreement, each holder agreed to exercise, from time to time and in accordance with the terms of the Original Warrants, including certain beneficial ownership limitations set forth therein, all Original Warrants held by it for cash. As a result of the exercise of all of the Original Warrants, the Company received gross proceeds of approximately $9.3 million and net proceeds, after deducting estimated expenses paid or payable by the Company, of approximately $9.1 million.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the warrant exercise agreement, and in order to induce each holder to exercise its Original Warrants, the Company issued 1,377,411 new warrants to purchase a number of shares of its common stock which is equal to 25% of the number of shares of common stock received by such holders upon the cash exercise of its Original Warrants. The terms of the inducement warrants are substantially similar to the terms of the Original Warrants, except that the inducement warrants: (i) have an initial exercise price of $2.26 per share; (ii) become exercisable on May 13, 2018 and expire on November 13, 2019; and, (iii) contain certain additional transfer restrictions and limitations due to their offer and sale in a private placement offering.

 

Also on November 13, 2017, and in connection with its entry into the warrant exercise agreement, the Company agreed to issue warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 1,138,300 shares of its common stock to the accredited investors that participated in the Company’s offerings completed in October 2017, in consideration for such investors’ agreement to waive certain covenants made by the Company to such investors and as an inducement to such investors to exercise certain other warrants to purchase the Company’s common stock. The terms of the October 2017 investor warrants are substantially similar to the terms of the new warrants, except that the October 2017 investor warrants will become exercisable only if and when each October 2017 investor exercises in full and for cash the warrants to purchase the Company’s common stock that were sold to such investors in the Company’s offerings completed in October 2017.

 

The warrants issued in connection with the warrant exercise agreement were considered inducement warrants and are classified in equity. The fair value of the warrants issued was approximately $2.5 million (based on the Black-Scholes option valuation model assuming no dividend yield, a 2.0-year life, volatility of 73.12% and a risk-free interest rate of 1.7%). The fair value of the inducement warrants of $2.5 million was expensed as warrant inducement expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the year ended July 31, 2018.

 

First October 2017 Offerings

 

On October 25, 2017, the Company completed an offer and sale to certain accredited investors of, in a registered public offering, 5,270,934 shares of its common stock and, in a concurrent private placement offering, warrants to purchase an aggregate of up to 3,953,200 shares of its common stock, all at a purchase price of $1.34375 per share. The warrants have an initial exercise price of $1.25 per share, became exercisable on October 25, 2017 and expire on April 25, 2022. The gross proceeds of the offering were $7.1 million and the net proceeds, after deducting the placement agent’s fee and other offering fees and expenses paid or payable by the Company (and excluding the proceeds, if any, from any cash exercise of the warrants), were approximately $6.2 million. In connection with the offering, the Company paid the placement agent (i) a cash fee equal to 5.5% of the gross proceeds of the offering, as well as offering expenses in a nonaccountable sum of $60,000, and (ii) warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 316,256 shares of its common stock. The warrants issued to the placement agent are exercisable at an exercise price of $1.68 per share, became exercisable on their original issuance date and expire on October 21, 2022.

 

The fair value of the warrants issued to the purchasers in the offerings, based on their fair value relative to the common stock issued, was approximately $2.4 million (based on the Black-Scholes option valuation model assuming no dividend yield, a 5.5-year life, volatility of 75.55% and a risk-free interest rate of 2.12%). The fair value of the warrants issued to the placement agent in the offerings was $0.2 million (based on the Black-Scholes option valuation model assuming no dividend yield, a 5.0-year life, volatility of 73.25% and a risk-free interest rate of 2.06%). The Company completed an evaluation of these warrants and determined they should be classified as equity within the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

Second October 2017 Offering

 

On October 25, 2017, the Company completed an offer and sale to one accredited investor of 800,000 shares of its common stock and warrants to purchase up to 600,000 shares of its common stock, all at a purchase price of $1.34375 per share and associated warrant. The warrants have an initial exercise price of $1.25 per share, become exercisable on April 27, 2018 and expire on April 27, 2022. The gross proceeds of the offering were $1.1 million and the net proceeds, after deducting the placement agent’s fee and other offering fees and expenses paid or payable by the Company (and excluding the proceeds, if any, from any cash exercise of the warrants), were approximately $1.0 million. In connection with the offering, the Company paid the placement agent (i) a cash fee equal to 5.5% of the gross proceeds of the offering, as well as offering expenses in a non-accountable sum of $15,000, and (ii) warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 48,000 shares of its common stock. The warrants issued to the placement agent are exercisable at an exercise price of $1.68 per share, became exercisable on their original issuance date and expire on October 25, 2022.

 

The fair value of the warrants issued to the purchasers in the offering, based on their fair value relative to the common stock issued, was approximately $0.4 million (based on the Black-Scholes option valuation model assuming no dividend yield, a 5.5-year life, volatility of 75.51% and a risk-free interest rate of 2.12%). The fair value of the warrants issued to the placement agent in the offering was $31,000 (based on the Black-Scholes option valuation model assuming no dividend yield, a 5.0-year life, volatility of 73.22% and a risk-free interest rate of 2.06%). The Company completed an evaluation of these warrants and determined they should be classified as equity within the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

ATM Program

 

On July 25, 2017, the Company entered into an equity distribution agreement with Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. (“Oppenheimer”) to commence an “at the market” offering program (the “ATM Program”), under which the Company was permitted to offer and sell, from time to time through or to Oppenheimer, acting as sales agent or principal, shares of the Company’s common stock having an aggregate gross sales price of up to $8.4 million. An aggregate of 897,311 shares of the Company’s common stock were sold in the ATM Program during the year ended July 31, 2018, for net proceeds to the Company, after deducting Oppenheimer’s commissions and other expenses paid or payable by the Company, of $1.1 million. Effective as of October 22, 2017, the Company terminated the ATM Program. As a result of such termination, no further offers or sales of the Company’s common stock will be made in the ATM Program.

 

Outstanding Warrants

 

At July 31, 2018, the Company had outstanding warrants to purchase 8,958,059 shares of its common stock, with exercise prices ranging from $1.64 to $16.10, all of which were classified as equity instruments. These warrants expire at various dates between September 2018 and May 2025.